European Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research (EJMER)

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Nonlinear Dynamics Investigation of Contact Force in Ploydyne Cam and Flat-Faced Follower System


Nonlinear dynamics behavior of contact force is investigated for different cam angular speeds (N) and different internal dimensions of the follower guide (F.G.I.D.). Largest Lyapunov exponent parameter conception is used to detect either the follower will detach from the cam or stays in permanent contact. Power spectrum analysis and Poincare’ maps with phase-plane diagram are added to detect the non-periodic motion of the contact force. The follower is moved with three degrees of freedom. Multi degrees of freedom (spring-damper-mass) systems are added at the end of the follower stem to suppress the nonlinear dynamics behavior of the contact force of the follower. SolidWorks software is used in the numerical simulation of the contact force. Contact force and follower displacement are determined at different coefficient of restitution values. The friction and impact are considered between the cam and the follower and between the follower and its guide. The contact force is measured experimentally using OPTOTRACK/3020 by tracking the position of the follower through an infrared camera device. The value of contact force has declined with the increasing of cam angular speeds (N) and internal dimension of the follower guide (F.G.I.D.). The peak of nonlinear response of the follower displacement is reduced to (15 %, 32 %, 45 %, and 62 %) after using multi degrees of freedom system.

Article Highlights

  • A multi degrees of freedom (spring-damper-mass) systems at the end of the follower stem are used to suppress the nonlinear dynamics phenomena of the contact force of the follower.
  • The power density function with dominant frequency is calculated numerically for contact force and follower displacement using SolidWorks software.
  • An OPTOTRAK / 3020 with an infrared camera device is used to track the follower position and measure the contact force experimentally.
  • A phase-plane diagram with Poincare maps, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), Lyapunov exponent conception are used to detect the non-periodic motion of the offset follower movement.

Nonlinear dynamic response of the follower movement is investigated at different follower guides’ internal dimensions (F.G.I.D.), cam angular velocities (N), and coefficient of

Keywords: Contact Force, lyapunov exponent, non-periodic motion, nonlinear dynamics

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This work by European American Journals is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 Unported License


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