Influence of Plasmodium Parasite Infection on Adult body size and Vectorial Fitness of Anopheline Vector Mosquitoes (Published)
The Study was designed to investigate the effect of Plasmodium parasite infection on Vectorial fitness of Anopheline mosquitoes. Adult mosquitoes were collected indoor using Pyrethrum Spray Catch (PSC). Morphological identification was carried out using a trinocular dissecting microscope with the aid of standard taxonomic keys. Dissection of the salivary gland was done to establish sporozoite infection. Wings were measured with an ocular micrometer from the apical notch to the axillary margin, excluding the wing fringe and used as proxy for body size. Data generated were analyzed using the SSPS software version 20.3 and excel package and processed using ANOVA, and Duncan multiple range test was used to compare their means. Findings revealed that Anopheline mosquitoes in Kontagora have a relatively similar body size as suggested by their wing length. Mean wing length (MWL) of Plasmodium infected and uninfected Anopheline mosquitoes do not varied significantly (P>0.05) across all the five sampling locations. The vectorial fitness of both Plasmodium infected and uninfected Anopheline mosquitoes were not significantly different (P>0.05) among the sampling locations. In this study, body size and vectorial fitness do not appeared to be predetermined factors for the infectivity of Anopheline mosquitoes as the proportion of Anopheline mosquitoes infected with sporozoites is independent of body size.
Assessment of Student Awareness and Knowledge about Contaminated mobiles at colleges in Kuwait (Published)
In this era, most people of all ages possess a mobile phone; these mobiles are essential gadgets that became significantly advanced in technology and are convenient for communication, making life easier globally. The aim of this study is to investigate and assist the students’ Awareness and Knowledge about Contaminated mobiles at colleges in Kuwait. A self- administered questionnaire was distributed among 150 college students that were randomly selected and were asked to answer the questionnaire genuinely. These college students were from different departments such as; Medical laboratory, dental, natural science, nutrition, the department of pharmacology and nursing college. The questionnaire was analyzed statistically using SPSS versionV26. Results show that college students had a lack of awareness, knowledge attitude and behavior towards contaminated mobiles and the transmission of pathogens.
THE PREVALENCE OF SOIL TRANSMITTED HELMINTHES AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN IN IFEDORE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ONDO STATE, NIGERIA (Published)
The current status of intestinal helminthes was assessed among schools children in Ifedore Local Government of Ondo State, Nigeria. A total of 180 faecal samples were collected randomly from each of the primary schools sampled. Detection and identification were by direct microscopy. Questionnaires were administered to identify the major activities and behaviour of pupils, their knowledge about the aetiology and control of intestinal helminthes.
Chi- square was used to determine if there was any relationship between age and sex on the occurrence of the helminthes. Of the 180 pupils examined, 88 (48.9%l) were infected. Three parasite species observed were Ascaris lumbricoides (22.2%), Strongyloides stercoralis (12.8%), Hookworm (10.6%) and for multiple infection (3.3%). Females had higher prevalence (25.6%) than males (23.3%). No significant association was observed among worm infectivity, age and sex in the population studied. The study revealed that poor hygienic practices and unsanitary condition were responsible for the high prevalence of these helminthes. Health Education through primary health care could be used as a control measure
Evaluation Of Beniseed Extract and Fermented Liquor in Treatment of Diarrhoea in Albino Rats Infected with Salmonella Typhi (Published)
The efficacy of fermented beniseed liquor and the methanol extract in treating diarrhoea caused by Salmonella typhi in albino rats orogastrically infected with the bacteria was assessed. At the end of the experiment, haematological, biochemical and liver functioning tests were performed on the blood from the animals. The results obtained from this analysis showed that the selected organism have high infectivity dose, caused a significant reducing effect on the weight of the albino rats and negative effect on the hematological and biochemical parameters assessed. Treatment of infected animals with the fermented liquor and methanol extract of beniseeds showed that both caused a significantly quick recovery of the infected animals from diarrhoea within five days of treatment. However, the rate of recovery was faster with the group of infected rats treated with the fermented beniseed liquor than the extract. Also, treatment with methanol extract of beniseeds also caused a significant increase in the cholesterol level of the blood from the animals. The results obtained from these analyses showed that beniseed have therapeutic properties and that the fermented form is more effective and can be used to treat diarrhoea caused by the selected bacteria used in this study in albino rats.