European Journal of Business and Innovation Research (EJBIR)

EA Journals

Strategy Implementation

Influence of Stakeholder Engagement on Strategy Implementation in Selected Nigerian Government Agencies (Published)

Effective strategy implementation has remained a huge challenge in Nigerian Government Agencies. This study investigates stakeholder engagement practices across Nigerian government agencies to evaluate their impact on strategy implementation effectiveness. The research focuses on four key dimensions: Effective Communication, Stakeholder Inclusiveness and Diversity, Mechanisms of Stakeholder Engagement, and Stakeholder Satisfaction, specifically assessing their influence on resource allocation. Using a descriptive survey design, three pivotal government agencies INEC, the Central Bank of Nigeria, and the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission were purposively selected. Data was collected from 384 respondents, and multiple regression was used in the analysis. Findings reveal that transparent internal communication significantly influences increased resource allocation (B = 0.558, p < 0.005). Moreover, agencies incorporating diverse stakeholder input observe larger allocations to strategic priorities (B = 0.083, p = 0.005). Also, Mechanisms of stakeholder engagement (B = 0.101, p < 0.005) exhibit significant positive relationship. Equally, higher satisfaction among stakeholders correlates with greater deployment of resources (B = 0.205, p < 0.005). The study recommends that Nigerian government agencies enhance internal communication, promote inclusive stakeholder engagement, and refine resource allocation strategies. Emphasizing diverse perspectives and stakeholder satisfaction is crucial, while investments in organizational and management capacities alongside technical planning can solidify agencies’ effectiveness in securing resources for proactive strategic changes.Top of Form

Keywords: Diversity, Inclusiveness, Strategy Implementation, stakeholder engagement

Influence of Leadership as Strategy Implementation Practice on Performance of Postal Corporation in Kakamega County, Kenya (Published)

Organizations across the world have recognized the importance of strategy formulation in improving service delivery. Good practices in strategy formulation and implementation are among the key pillars of competitive advantage and organizational sustainability. Studies indicate that most managers rightly make effort to formulate strategies, but little investment is made to implement those strategies properly. Therefore, the study explored the effects of strategy implementation practices on performance of Postal Corporation in Kakamega County (Kenya). Based on the study, this paper presents and discusses the research findings on leadership as one of the strategy implementation practices on organizational performance. The researcher anchored the study on cross sectional survey research design which emphasized on collection of data at a particular point in time rather than over a period of time. The target population of the study was one hundred and thirty two (132) top and middle-level management staff of Postal Corporation drawn from Kakamega, Lugari, Khwisero and Khayega branches. Stratified sampling method was used to sample ninety-nine (99) respondents. Structured questionnaires were then used to collect the data from the sampled managers to which only seventy-six (76) responded. The received questionnaires were sorted, classified; data was then coded and analysed by descriptive statistics (percentages, mean and standard deviation). Inferential analysis was done by multi regression analysis where the result of R square was 0.476 indicating that 47.6% of the performance could be predicted from the study variables. The study found that leadership significantly affected the performance of Postal Corporation in Kakamega County as indicated by a p value of 0.043, which was within p<0.05 level of significance. In light of the findings, the researchers recommended that a related study be conducted in a wider spectrum of both public and private institutions to determine the consistency of the results.

Keywords: Kakamega, Kenya, Leadership, Performance, Postal Corporation, Strategy Implementation


Literature highlights the importance of communication in the formulation and implementation of strategies. The level of communication has been seen to positively correlate with the overall performance of organisations. Unfortunately the level of communication in SMEs in Zimbabwe has not received much research neither have studies revelled the communication processes used by SMEs. This study sought to establish the communication approaches used by these SMEs and their contribution to the overall performance of these organisations. This was a qualitative study using the multiple case study approach involving eight organisations. In depth interviews and non-participant observations were used to collect data from owner/managers. The major findings were that SMEs used informal communication channels to share information with employees particularly the grapevine to gather organisational information. This tended to create organisational disharmony with each employee striving for favours from the owner. Employees were also given information on a need to know basis and this adversely affected overall organisation performance due to inadequate or delayed information

Keywords: Performance, SMEs, Strategy Implementation, communication

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