European Journal of Business and Innovation Research (EJBIR)

EA Journals


Impact of Liquidity Risk on Firm Specific Factors: A Case of Islamic Banks of Pakistan (Published)

The major objective of the study is to develop a model and to test the relationship among liquidity risk and firm performance through its facets.  The main facets of firm performance in the study are i-e profitability, firm size, leverage, share prices and earnings on assets. The present study mainly attempts to analyses qualitative, quantitative & contextual relationship of liquidity risk in Pakistan. Moreover, liquidity risk is less investigated in Pakistan and mainly regarding Islamic banking sector with respect to current data. Therefore, study is mainly investigated on the fourth pillar of significance i-e contextual significance. While, Islamic banking sector of Pakistan is investigated in current study. And the data is acquired from state bank of Pakistan database and through annual reports of the banks. Though, the study has supported past investigations results. Hence, the study has revealed key findings that will be fruitful for theorists, educationists and research scholars as well.

Keywords: Contextual study, Islamic banking, Leverage, Liquidity risk, Pakistan, Profitability, Return on Assets, bank size

Factors influencing job satisfaction of employees in telecom sector of Pakistan (Review Completed - Accepted)

The telecom industry plays an important role in the underpinning of a country’s economy. This study is aimed at getting a clearer view of the level of satisfaction of the employees in various telecom companies. The main concerns are the relative importance and need of different job satisfaction factors and how they contribute to the overall satisfaction of the employees. Another field of focus is the impact of different things, such as experience, age and sex on job satisfaction. The results deduced represent employee relations, salary, fringe supervision, and efficiency as the most important factors influencing job satisfaction. It was seen that job satisfaction was good in telecommunication companies This paper was utilized in understanding the importance of the environment in which the employees work, pay, fairness, promotion, job security, supervisors, and co-worker relationships and their effect on job satisfaction. All telecom companies Ufone, Zong, Telenor, Warid telecom, Pakistan Telecommunication and Mobilink were visited to collected data. Data was quantitatively collected through close-ended questionnaires with a sample size of 200 telecom sector employees. Data was analyzed through correlation and multiple regression using SPSS software and results were significant. The overall job satisfaction of the employees in the telecom sector is at the positive level. Hence, this research was mainly undertaken to investigate on the significance of factors such as working conditions, pay and promotion, job security, fairness, relationship with co-workers and supervisors in affecting the job satisfaction. This paper presents a comprehensive diagnosis of job satisfaction indices of telecom sector, the factors causing the dissatisfaction & suggestions to improve them.

Keywords: Employees, Job Dissatisfaction, Job Satisfaction, Pakistan, Telecom Sector

Factors affecting teachers’ motivation in Pakistani public universities (Review Completed - Accepted)

The instructive foundations particularly, universities assume a critical part in the underpinning of nation building. This study is pointed at getting a clearer perspective of the level of teachers’ motivation at Pakistani public universities. The principle concerns are the relative imperativeness and need of diverse motivational components and how they give to the general teachers’ motivational level. The outcomes concluded speak for representative relations, pay, border benefits, self-confidence, workload, class environment and stress as the most significant components impacting the teachers’ motivational level. This paper was used in comprehension the essence of the earth in which the teachers’ function, pay, stress, announcement, nature, self-assurance, and associate relationships and their impact on motivational level. Diverse Pakistani public universities were gone by to gather essential information. Information was quantitatively gathered through close-ended surveys with a sample size of 200 Pakistani public university teachers. Information was examined through relationship and different relapse utilizing SPSS programming and outcomes were noteworthy. The general work fulfillment of the representatives in the public universities is at the positive level. Henceforth, this examination study shows that pay & promotion are the most paramount element affecting teachers’ motivation at Pakistani public universities. It was for the most part undertaken to explore on the importance of components, for example class environment, stress, workload, self-confidence and association with coworkers in influencing the employment fulfillment. This paper presents an extensive judgment of teachers’ motivational lists of Pakistani public universities, the components making the disappointment & proposals enhance them.

Keywords: Motivation, Pakistan, Public Universities, Teachers

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