Entrepreneurship Development Education as Succour for Self-Employment: Evidence from Public Universities in The Southwest Nigeria (Published)
The number of unemployed graduates has been on the increase. In response to this, Entrepreneurship is made a compulsory course in all tertiary institutions at the undergraduate level. The entrepreneurship courses offered is aimed at creating self-employment so as to reduce the dependence on government employment. The study examined Entrepreneurship Development (Education) as succour for Self-employment among the students of public universities in the South west Nigeria that took entrepreneurship as a basic course. The aim of the course is to fill the gap between entrepreneurship education and capability to be self-employed by creating entrepreneurial ventures. Many business and innovative ideas were introduced to the students in the course of study but an evaluation of students’ actions after class and graduation will determine the relevance and impact of the course. The descriptive research design of the survey type is adopted in the study. The population of the study comprises all the students of the universities in the southwest Nigeria. The study is delimited to all the public universities in the southwest Nigeria. This study involves a multi-stage sampling technique to select 360 students in the institutions. Simple random sampling technique is used to select four out of the six states in the southwest, Nigeria. The results showed that entrepreneurship development (education) greatly influenced self-employment among the university students. Therefore, teaching of entrepreneurship with the exploration of both theory and practice; creating commercial awareness and building venture creation skills should be strengthened and sustained in the universities.
Manager’s Perception of What Constitutes Good Management Which Should Enhance Productivity in Institutions of Higher Learning (Published)
Perceptions inform the way people behave and how they see their environment, thus the perceptions are the realities of the perceiver. Managers themselves are appointed based on the perceptions of the selection and recruiting team, either through an interview or simply through long association in an organisation. But, every human being moves around with their own baggage emanating from childhood, cultural background, religion, interaction with other people, the level of education and what was taught them, and of cause from peers and role models. The manager, like any being is a mixed bag of all sorts of information, ideas, values, beliefs and traits all culminating into the perception the manager will have about what constitutes good management. This empirical research sought to understand how the average Cape Town manager perceives managerial behaviours are considered to be ideal to enable the subordinates to be productive. Primarily to establish their perceptions about what constitutes good management behaviour. This research seeks to evaluate good management in the eyes of the manager – more like self-evaluation by evaluating the other manager. It should be pointed out that South Africa just recently emerged from apartheid and not much has changed within the organisational and racial structures in relation to “who the managers are.” The work environment is very diverse with whites (dominating) and coloureds (as second class citizens) with blacks at the tail end. To add to this, there has been an influx of foreigners as economic refuges whose perceptions about work and the environment are radically different. The research finds that many managers use the X theory though there are elements of the Y theory displayed. The Cape Town manager does not show much interest in the welfare of the subordinates and has no interest in getting closer to these subordinates.
Private and public higher education institutions have had the problem of financial un-sustainability in recent years. United Kingdom and European Union have instituted programs to work on financial sustainability of higher education as reported by Browne et al. (2010) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2004). To achieve financial sustainability of higher education, institution needs to increase its internally-generated income or funds, which needs to be flowing on a regular basis for its operation, without compromising the future of its sustainability. This paper is to establish legitimacy for future work needed for the variables to pursue further research. Quantitative research study was research design and instrument of higher educational institutions across the globe. Results have opened opportunity for discussion on financial sustainability in higher educational institutions. The study explored theories behind financial sustainability and establishes possible correlation between the public relations that is sustaining the financing of higher education institutions. The outcome have help develop variable for predictive model in the development of financial sustainability for higher educational institutions.