European Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Research (EJAFR)

EA Journals


Conservation of Forest Plantation by Reduviid Predator, Acanthaspis Megaspilla (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) Against Odontotermes Obesus (Isoptera: Termitidae), a Bark Pest of Teak, Tectona Gradis (Published)

Predatory bug A. megaspilla in each prey densities could prey on O. obesus and was exhibited type II functional response. The number of O. obesus consumed by female predator A. megaspilla can be expressed in Hollings’ disc equation [y’= 0.009 (12-6.20) x]. The maximum predation rate (k= 6.77) were recorded at higher prey densities. Hence, this bug utilized as termitiphagous.

Keywords: Conservation, Forest, ecofriendly, odontotermes obesus, short-duration functional response, tectona gradis

Assessment of Socio-Economic Characteristics and Drivers of Deforestation of Mandara Hills in Madagali Local Government Area of Adamawa State (Published)

There is sufficient proof that the entire world is fronting an ecological disaster because of huge deforestation. This study assessed the drivers of deforestation and the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents. Information was sourced by administering questionnaires to 200 respondents drawn from the support zone dwellers of Mandara hills in Madagali Local Government Area of Adamawa State, and alongside interviews scheduled using participatory rural appraisal technique. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and smith’s saliency model. The later was used for ranking of benefits derived from the hills and the conservation measures proffered by the respondents. The following age classes 26-30 years with 30 respondents, 31-35 years (35), 36-40 years (32) and 41-45 years (30) had the majority of the respondents. On gender, the majority (84.50%) of the respondents were males. Percentage of respondents for civil servants (21.50%) and farming (27.50%). The mainstream of the respondents had formal education represented by primary (19.5%), secondary (24.50%) and tertiary (36.0%).  Most of the respondents had income that ranged from N100,000.00 – N2,000,000.00. The major benefits derived from the hills included; human protection during wars and insurgency (32.50%) and farming (30.50%). Drivers of deforestation based on; bad, worse and worst effect rankings cumulatively showed agricultural expansion topping the list, followed by indiscriminate destruction of wildlife habitat. Conservation measures suggested in order of frequency of respondents included; reduced human settlement around the hills (34.50%) and implementation of natural forest regeneration and restoration (31.50%).

Keywords: Conservation, Deforestation, Forest, Socio-Economic, reforestation

Carbon Sequestration as a Climate Change Mitigation Activity-A Review (Review Completed - Accepted)

An unprecedented increase in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuel combustion and land use change necessitates identification of strategies for mitigating the threat of the attendant global warming. However, the challenges of climate change can be effectively overcome by the storage of carbon in terrestrial carbon sinks viz. plants, plant products and soils for longer periods of time. Carbon sequestration in this regard is truly a win–win strategy. It restores degraded soils, enhances biomass production, purifies surface and ground waters, and reduces the rate of enrichment of atmospheric CO2 by offsetting emissions due to fossil fuel.

Keywords: Biomass, Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Sequestration, Forest, Fossil Fuel, Grassland, Soil

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