European Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Research (EJAFR)

EA Journals


Conservation of Forest Plantation by Reduviid Predator, Acanthaspis Megaspilla (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) Against Odontotermes Obesus (Isoptera: Termitidae), a Bark Pest of Teak, Tectona Gradis (Published)

Predatory bug A. megaspilla in each prey densities could prey on O. obesus and was exhibited type II functional response. The number of O. obesus consumed by female predator A. megaspilla can be expressed in Hollings’ disc equation [y’= 0.009 (12-6.20) x]. The maximum predation rate (k= 6.77) were recorded at higher prey densities. Hence, this bug utilized as termitiphagous.

Keywords: Conservation, Forest, ecofriendly, odontotermes obesus, short-duration functional response, tectona gradis

Assessment of Socio-Economic Characteristics and Drivers of Deforestation of Mandara Hills in Madagali Local Government Area of Adamawa State (Published)

There is sufficient proof that the entire world is fronting an ecological disaster because of huge deforestation. This study assessed the drivers of deforestation and the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents. Information was sourced by administering questionnaires to 200 respondents drawn from the support zone dwellers of Mandara hills in Madagali Local Government Area of Adamawa State, and alongside interviews scheduled using participatory rural appraisal technique. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and smith’s saliency model. The later was used for ranking of benefits derived from the hills and the conservation measures proffered by the respondents. The following age classes 26-30 years with 30 respondents, 31-35 years (35), 36-40 years (32) and 41-45 years (30) had the majority of the respondents. On gender, the majority (84.50%) of the respondents were males. Percentage of respondents for civil servants (21.50%) and farming (27.50%). The mainstream of the respondents had formal education represented by primary (19.5%), secondary (24.50%) and tertiary (36.0%).  Most of the respondents had income that ranged from N100,000.00 – N2,000,000.00. The major benefits derived from the hills included; human protection during wars and insurgency (32.50%) and farming (30.50%). Drivers of deforestation based on; bad, worse and worst effect rankings cumulatively showed agricultural expansion topping the list, followed by indiscriminate destruction of wildlife habitat. Conservation measures suggested in order of frequency of respondents included; reduced human settlement around the hills (34.50%) and implementation of natural forest regeneration and restoration (31.50%).

Keywords: Conservation, Deforestation, Forest, Socio-Economic, reforestation

Impacts of introducing exotic chicken breeds and their crosses on local chickens in Ethiopia (Published)

This study reviews the introduction of the exotic breeds and cross breeding of local chicken in Ethiopia, solution to genetic erosion and needs for conservation with aim of delivering in the short form and clear information for beneficiaries. Poultry production and its product consumption are progressively increasing globally. In Ethiopia, chicken production plays a great role as a primary supply of eggs and meat in rural and urban areas and as a source of income for smallholder farmers. The interest of the farmers to maximize poultry products is increasing. Therefore, different parts of the farmers are practicing crossbreeding unsystematically. However, crossbreeding is not advised and recommended by government due to its impact on genetic diversity and losing of the important traits of local chickens; thus, policy of the government has prepared different strategies to improve livestock development. There is no good breeding scheme introduced so far to avoid such kind of impacts or else regulator laws to avoid uncontrolled breeding activities. Therefore, conservation of locally adapted indigenous chicken breeds has become an important objective in sustainable animal breeding, as these breeds represent a unique genetic resource. And even if the indigenous chickens are low in productive performance, it has its unique and important characteristics such as brooding, tolerance of the disease and harsh environment of tropics, and giving good product under good management condition. Hence, breeding program targeting improvement of indigenous chicken should focus on within breed selection rather than crossbreeding with exotic chicken breeds, this would help to maintain the indigenous chicken unique attributes which are appreciated by producers and avoid genetic erosion and dilution and contribute to their conservation. Nevertheless, the indigenous chicken breeds in most African specifically in Ethiopia countries are little studied and the existing reports lack consistency. Therefore, further research is recommended to evaluate the performance, egg quality and carcass yield potentials of indigenous chickens under improved feeding and management systems.

Citation: Diriba L. (2022) Impacts of introducing exotic chicken breeds and their crosses on local chickens in Ethiopia, European Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Research, Vol.10, No.4, pp. 33-39

Keywords: Conservation, cross breeding, genetic erosion, indigenous chickens

Scroll to Top

Don't miss any Call For Paper update from EA Journals

Fill up the form below and get notified everytime we call for new submissions for our journals.