Impact of Treasury Single Account On Public Finance Management in Nigeria: Pre and Post Implementation Analysis (Published)
This study examined the impact of Treasury Single Account (TSA) on the public finance management in Nigeria. The study investigated how the implementation of TSA in Nigeria affected revenue collection, public cash management, federation account allocation and corruption control in Nigeria. The paper used secondary data collected from Central Bank of Nigeria statistical bulletin and transparency international from 2010-2014 (pre adoption period) to 2015-2019 (post-adoption period). T-test statistical technique was employed to analyze the data. The findings of the study revealed that TSA has a negative and insignificant effect on government revenue, public cash management, federal account allocation, as well as corruption control in Nigeria. The study recommends that government should strengthen the system of implementation of TSA in Nigeria and all resources of leakages to total government revenue should be investigated forensically and such loopholes filled. Moreover, government should devise other means of cash management and reduce so much reliance on TSA implementation.
Citation: Iloeje J.B., and Okwo I.M. (2022) Impact of Treasury Single Account On Public Finance Management in Nigeria: Pre and Post Implementation Analysis, European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research, Vol.10, No. 12, pp.62-75
The research work examined the usefulness of financial control and accountability in the public sector institutions in Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to investigate if the control of public funds is appropriate and to find out whether necessary accounts are kept and to examine the proper administration of government funds. The research was carried out, using the Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Ondo State as the case study. Primary Data was collected through convenience sampling method and using self-administered questionnaires for 40 respondents. They included Staff in the Audit and Account department. Also, Secondary data was retrieved from the Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin on federally generated revenue and expenditure incurred (Capital and Revenue). Chi- Square was used to test the hypotheses. Simple Linear Regression was used to analyze the secondary data to test for the relationship between the revenue generated by federal government and expenditure incurred. From the findings, it was found that financial controls and accountability exist in the public sector. The researcher also found that a positive relationship exist between revenue generated by federal government and expenditures incurred. This study concluded that financial control and accountability is effective and efficient. Therefore, the study recommends that existing financial controls should be strengthened to improve accountability in the public sector in Nigeria.
This study investigated the relationship between some selected components of tax revenue and educational development in Nigeria for the period 2010 to 2018. The study adopted education tax and value added tax as the independent variables, while educational development taken as government spending on education (excluding recurrent expenditure) was used as the dependent variable. Secondary data was collected from the CBN, FIRS, and MOE. The data analysis technique adopted for the study was the multiple regression analysis using the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method. The results revealed that there was positive relationship between value added tax, education tax and education development. However, the relationship was not statistically significant with the implication that the effect of the selected tax revenue components on educational development was weak. Based on the findings of this study, it was concluded that the contribution of education tax to the development of the education sector is not having the desired effect on the sector. Furthermore, value added tax revenue as expected is not an important contributor to education development. It is suggested that more revenue from various tax funds be channeled to the education sector as human capital development is key to national development. The study thus recommended that the proportion of value added tax revenue channeled towards education development should be increased as deficits in education development are very high. It is also recommended that the education tax be increased from the present 2% to 5% in order to contribute more significantly to education development.
The paper aims to study the important macroeconomic financial regulation problems such as budget deficit management in post-independence years of Uzbekistan. The factors of budget deficit, the ways of its reduction and the financing mechanisms were studied using documenary analysis, economic and statistical methods of research. The research revealed that high level of centralized investments, negative effect of existed exchange regime, high subsidies for Pensions fund, compensation of agricultural losses due to bad wheather conditions and geopolitical situation required voluminous expenses. At the same time, change in tax rules, sharp decline of the income base of enterprises reduced budget revenies in the studied period. The results of research can be used as a basis for further fundamental researchs and to improving public policy and increase the efficiency of measures of budget deficit management in emerging markets.