British Journal of Environmental Sciences (BJES)

EA Journals

Automated Teller Machines

Antibacterial Susceptibility of Pathogenic Bacterial Isolated From Selected Automated Teller Machines within Kaduna Metropolis (Published)

Pathogenic bacteria such as E. coli; S. dysenteriae; S. typhimurium; P. aeruginosa; K. pneumoniae and S. aureus isolated from the Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) located in NNPC/KRPC (Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation/Kaduna Refinery and Petrochemicals Company); ABW (Ahmadu Bello Way); AAW (Ali Akilu Way); SCS (Shopping Complex around Station); KR/ST (Kachia Road/Sabon Tasha); KR (Kano Road Axis) and NAW (Nnamdi Azikiwe Way) within Kaduna Metropolis were subjected to antibacterial susceptibility test using known antibiotics. The result obtained showed that 30 (100%) of the isolated pathogenic bacteria were sensitive to Ciprofloxacin.

Keywords: Antibacterial Susceptibility, Antibiotics, Automated Teller Machines

Assessment of Some Selected Automated Teller Machines in Kaduna Metropolis for Pathogenic Bacteria Contamination (Published)

Selected Automated Teller Machines in Kaduna Metropolis were assessed for pathogenic bacteria contamination. Pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shigella dysenteriae, Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumonia were isolated using standard methods. Kano Road and Ahmadu Bello Way had the highest number of isolates as well as sample size because of the concentration of the banks around these roads and the influx of people within and around this area who do business on a daily basis. K. pneumoniae had the largest percentage of isolates with 46 (23.0%), followed by S. dysenteriae with 37 (18.50%). S. aureus, S. tyhimurium, and P. aeruginosa had 33 (16.50%), 32 (16.0%) and 29 (14.5%) respectively while E. coli had the smallest percentage of isolates with 22 (11.0%). The correlation coefficient (r) of 0.60 obtained showed that there is a strong relationship between the isolated pathogenic bacteria and the Automated Teller Machines.

Keywords: Automated Teller Machines, Contamination, Pathogenic Bacteria

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