British Journal of Education (BJE)

EA Journals


The Skill Gap between Printing Education and Printing Industry in Ghana (Published)

One of the objectives of Polytechnic Education (Technical University Education) in Ghana is the promotion of technical and vocational education and training, technology transfer and skills development to enhance the socio-economic development of the country. Polytechnic education plays a significant role in human resource development of a country by employing skilled manpower, enhancing industrial productivity and improving the status quo (quality of life). The main aim of the study was to identify and to address the gap between printing education and printing industry at Takoradi Polytechnic; so as to restructure the curriculum to reflect what is being done in the printing industry across the country. The literature review has been organized together with sub-headings as contained in the subsequent pages and have been reviewed in line with the views of scholars to help readers have an in-depth knowledge and understanding of the topic.The main respondents for the study included students and lecturers in the Department of Graphic Design Technology, Takoradi Polytechnic on one side and working staff of the selected printing firms in the Accra Metropolis. The researchers implemented the use of open and close type of questionnaires, semi-structured interviews and full-participant observational method in gathering data for the study. The study revealed that the Polytechnic Printing programme should be revised by the Polytechnic and the Department of Graphic Design to help produce skilled trained Graphic Designers to fit into the trending Digital Printing Industry. The study exposed that issues that are affecting the Polytechnic students in acquiring the necessary training and skills to march up to the Printing industry is the curriculum. If the Polytechnic curriculum is revised and students are provided with enough practical skills it is believed that the gap between the Printing Education and Printing Industry for the Polytechnic objectives will be achieved.


Keywords: Education, Printing Industry, Skills, Training, industralisation, polytechnic (technical university)

The Contribution of Education Staff Training to Crisis Management among Teachers: A Case Study of the Prefecture Of Ilia (Published)

The purpose of the present study is to investigate the views of the directors and deputy directors of the schools in the prefecture of Ilia regarding their training and its contribution to crisis management among teachers. The sample of the survey consisted of 61 directors and deputy directors (out of a total of 79) of the elementary schools of the prefecture of Ilia. Quantitative methodology was used to analyze the data (Frequency method), while the internal cohesion index (Cronbach) was checked. According to the findings, the vast majority of the sample has faced some forms of crisis among teachers and considers that the most common type of crises is interpersonal. Directors and deputy directors believe that the main causes of crises are the individual factors, the style of management and the organizational weakness. Finally, the overwhelming majority of the sample argues that the manager needs to have specialized knowledge on crisis management issues between colleagues and therefore the training of education staff on these issues becomes necessary and obligatory.

Keywords: Crisis Management, Deputy Director, Manager, Training

Conceptual Study of Value Curve in Knowledge Sharing of Organizational Training and Education (Published)

The knowledge sharing is the core of knowledge management in organizational training and education, but we pay few attentions to the value of knowledge sharing in the past. This research aims at some confuse idea related to knowledge sharing, then we propose more explicit knowledge value categorization, and infer the hypothesis of the value of knowledge owner curve. The main contribution of present study is to classify the value in knowledge sharing process into the knowledge value and knowledge owners, and explaining what the value of organization increased is come from knowledge owner decrease, finally knowledge owner value can be divided into experts power value and the value of sharing will and ability. Put these two above values together, the knowledge owner value becomes a concave upward curve. It is to say the value of knowledge owner is under the influence of experts power and descend in the early stage, and then raising thereafter because this sharing will and ability are predicted to get applauses. The present study proposed related hypotheses, it still have to carry on some testing to verify in the future. However these hypotheses still show some new concept of value in the subject of the knowledge sharing currently, it enable us to find different thinking. We hope the results of present study can suggest a better way to encourage knowledge sharing according to different viewpoints of value of organizational training and education in the future.

Keywords: Education, Knowledge Sharing, Training, Value curve

Gender Differences on Medical Students’ Perception of Peer Tutoring Learning Strategy on Clinical Skills Training At Macarthur Clinical Skills Laboratory (MCSL) (Published)

The study investigated medical students’ perception of peer tutoring learning strategy on clinical skills training at Macarthur Clinical Skills Laboratory (MCSL) during their Introduction to Clinical Medicine (ICM) sessions. It adopted the descriptive survey design. The population of the study was 98 medical students, 66 of these students were randomly selected .Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The   instrument titled Peer Tutoring and Clinical Skills Training (PTCST) was used to collect data and a reliability coefficient of 0.85 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha. Data was collected after exposing the students to clinical skills practical sessions for two weeks. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation and the null hypotheses were tested using independence sample t-test. The findings of the study revealed that there is no significant difference between male and female medical students’ responses on their perception on the influence of peer tutoring on clinical skills training during Introduction to Clinical Medicine (ICM); irrespective of their gender, practicing among classmates enhanced their retention of the basic clinical do –steps, build up their confidence level as well as determined their proficiency level through the instant feedbacks. It was also revealed that during this practice sessions the medical students were sensitive to their gender differences and wished to maintain their dignity during clinical skills practical sessions. The researchers therefore recommends that Peer tutoring learning strategy should be adopted in clinical education while a chaperon should be made available for students during clinical skills practical sessions.

Keywords: Clinical Medicine, Clinical Skills, Gender, Learning Strategy, Peer tutoring, Training

Relevance of Experiential Learning in the Training of Extension Agents in Nigeria: A Proposal (Published)

Extension agents have been described as essential backbones for extension services. The efficiency of the activities of extension agents as multi-purpose staff is determined by the quality of the training received. In other words, for extension agents to excel in service delivery opportunities must be given for training and retraining in the current trends and issues experientially in extension work. It is against this background that this paper proposes the kind and the nature of training for Nigerian extension workers. To this end, the paper examines the nature of extension work, role and qualities of extension agents, overview of extension agents training in Nigeria with a view to determining the kind of training that will facilitate their work as multi-purpose change agents. The paper concludes that curriculum of Adult and Non-formal Education in Nigerian higher institution of learning should reflect current trends in extension services and be made relevant to the real life situation to enable extension agents discharge their responsibilities as multi-purpose workers. Also opportunities for retraining through seminars, conferences, workshops, etc should be made available to practising extension workers.

Keywords: Agent, Experiential Learning, Proposal, Training, extension

The Effectiveness of Training on Time Management Skill Due To Relaxation Techniques upon Stress and Achievement among Mutah University Students (Published)

The study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of a training program on time management skills due to relaxation techniques upon stress and achievement among a sample of students in Mutah University. The subjects of this study were assigned randomly into two groups: an experimental group which consisted of (38) students who received the training program and a control group which consisted of (37) students who did not receive any kind of training. The stress scale and achievement scores were kept for both groups; before and after exposing to the program. To test the hypotheses of the study; means, standard deviations and Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) were computed. The results revealed significant differences between the means of the two groups on the total scores of stress in favor of experimental group, which indicated the effectiveness of the training program in reducing the level of stress, while there is no effect for the groups upon achievement. Furthermore, the results show no significant differences in the effect of gender or the interaction between gender and treatment. (Keywords: time management, stress, relaxation, achievement and college students).

Keywords: Mutah University Students, Relaxation Techniques, Stress, Time Management Skill, Training

The Integration of Information & Communication Technology in Secondary Education Institutions in Morocco (Published)

This theoretical and applied study aims to study the situation of the information and communication technology (ICT) in the education system in Morocco, especially analysis of the remarkable evolution of the use of the ICT in the public secondary educational institutions in the area of Educational Delegation of Fez in the Regional Academy for Education and Training Fez-Boulemane in Morocco, through the selection of ten institutions for secondary education representing 50% of the total of secondary institutions in Educational Delegation of Fez, as well as evaluating the acquisition of knowledge in schools on the basis of the ICT and working on the diagnosis of the role of “MASSAR” Program within the framework of the process of the school measure. Among the results that have been reached at present is the quantitative weakness of the computer network used in high school, and in the limited value of the information technology used by the students, which will enable them to get to school knowledge. As that the recruitment of “MASSAR” Program in administrative and educational process, remains very limited.

Keywords: Administrative Management, Integration of ICTE, Leading Change., Massar Program, Pedagogical Act, Secondary Education, Training


Teacher always played a significant role in the intellectual and moral development of students by using various techniques, assessments and methods to improve the student’s achievement in school’s subjects. This study therefore focuses on the effect of teacher factors; assessment interval, communication language, the distance of residence, the teacher’s personal characteristics (gender, age, academic and professional qualification, designation, experience and in-service training) on the 9th class student’s achievement in three subjects, English, Chemistry and Mathematics at secondary level. The population of the study comprised all “public sector” secondary schools, male and female teachers and boys’ and girls’ students. A total of 16 secondary schools (08 male and 08 female), 114 secondary school teachers (66 male and 48 female) and 2404 students (1400 boys and 1004 girls) were selected through purposive sampling techniques. Multiple statistical procedures, Spearman and Pearson correlation, mean and standard deviation were employed to obtain stronger validity to the study. The results of the study revealed that there was no significant relationship between many teachers’ related factors and the student’s achievement at the secondary level.

Keywords: Assessment, Language, Qualification, Teaching Methods, Training

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