International Research Journal of Natural Sciences (IRJNS)

EA Journals


Survey of Zooplanktondiversity and Abundance and Its Relationship with Physicochemical Parameters in River Kashimbila Takum, Taraba State, Nigeria (Published)

Zooplankton diversity and abundance and its relationship with physico-chemical parameters in River Kashimbila was carried out for a period of eight (8) months from August, 2016 to March, 2017.Physico-chemical parameters were determined, the identification and abundance of zooplankton were also determined. A total of twenty one (21) species of zooplankton were reported, which was dominated by Ciliophora (34.61%), followed by Rotifera (32.92%) and the least being Cnidaria (0.02%). Shannon Weinner diversity index ranged from 1.40 -2.72, Margalef Index from 2.37 – 2.72 and evenness from 0.45 – 0.60. The data revealed that there was a significant difference among number of species and species count at (P<0.05) between raining and dry season. Zooplankton diversity and abundance were influenced by seasons and sites while species composition varied significantly with season at (P<0.05).Based on the zooplankton diversity and abundance, the rivers holds high possible impact on fish production.

Keywords: Abundance, Diversity, River Kashimbila, Zooplankton

Holistic Survey on Damselfly (Anisoptera : Odonata)Diversity in Rice Ecosystem of Eastern India (Published)

This study highlights the richness of Damselfly (Anisoptera: Odonata) fauna associated with rice ecosystems in Eastern India.. Sampling of the Damselfly community was conducted during 2010-14 to determine species composition, abundance and distribution in 3 different habitats of rice fields which were selected at 60 m (Chakdaha), 600 m (Cooch Behar) and 1250 m (Kalimpong) respectively. Each location was surveyed at a biweekly interval after transplanting of rice plants and about 10 species of Damselfly were recorded as insect predators in rice crops of Eastern India. General morphology, biology, ecology, behavior of the Damselfly are being highlighted in the present investigation. After comparing different body parts, double branching keys are prepared for their easy identification. The studies of their diversity showed that maximum and minimum value of both Simpson and Shannon-Weiner index were at the  flowering and the vegetative stage of crop respectively. The value of Margalef index and Menhinck index  also indicated that the highest value in reproductive stage of rice crop. The studies on   Evenness index   designated that the value of E1, E2 and E3 were influenced by species richness and not evenness.  Consequently the influence of fertilizer on the incidence of  Damselfly in rice ecosystem showed that there was  a remarkable increase  of population where high doses of nitrogen (120 kg/ha) were applied followed by the use of  mix fertilizer(120:60:60 N:P:K). Although the plot receiving high doses of phosphate @ 60 kg/ha exhibited increase in the level of Damselfly population but the distribution  was least in the field where potassium fertilizer was used in both kharif (rainy) and rabi (winter) season during 2010 to 2014.The sampling of Damselfly population on weed, ratoon rice, rice fallow land exhibited  that the bund weed provided resting site for damselfly. The colonization and succession of Damselfly species in the rice field habitat showed a uniform pattern in relation to the growth stage of rice crop. At the end of study, the relevance of  Damselfly biosystematics in the context on bio diversities has  been given in its legitimate status as bio control agent of rice insect pests  in  Eastern India.

Keywords: Damselfly, Diversity, Insect pests, Predator, Rice, naiad

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