Entrepreneurial Capacity and Entrepreneurial Intention of Chemistry and Chemistry-Related Graduate Employees of the Federal Institute of Industrial Research Oshodi (FIIRO), Lagos (Published)
All over the world, there is growing literature on entrepreneurial intention as a broad research area of interest amongst researchers in entrepreneurship. However, most of these studies are from the developed world and mostly conducted on students. Against this background, this study seeks to evaluate the entrepreneurial capacity and entrepreneurial intention of Chemistry and Chemistry-Related Graduate Employees of the Federal Institute of Industrial Research Oshodi (FIIRO), Lagos. Questionnaires designed in six-point Likert scale format was used as the instrument for gathering the study primary data. The population size comprises all the 109 respondents from the sample area. The entire population was used as sample for the study. Thus, 109 questionnaires were administered and 49 were retrieved. Data generated was analyzed using correlation and regression analysis. The result reveals that there is relationship is positive and significant (r = 0.975, p = 0.000< 0.05) between entrepreneurial competency and entrepreneurial intention. The study also reveals a positive and significant relationship (r = 0.967, p = 0.000< 0.05) between entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention. The result yielded a coefficient of multiple regression of R=0.981 and multiple R-square of 0.962. The result also revealed that Adjusted R2=0.960; indicating that about 96.0% of variance was accounted for by the independent variables. The study recommends appropriate entrepreneurial training for Chemistry and Chemistry-related graduate employees of FIIRO to be able to convert their entrepreneurial intention into entrepreneurial activities and pick career as entrepreneurs.
Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intention: Selected Kenyan Universities Service Sector Perspective. (Published)
Entrepreneurial intention has captured the attention of both academicians and policy makers during the last century. Unemployment poses a major challenge to developing nations Kenya inclusive where governments’ lacked sufficient resources to passing out of young graduates with immediate employment. However, many studies on entrepreneurial intention among graduates have focused mainly on developed countries and less on developing nations like Kenya perspective. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to bridge the gap by investigating the determinants of entrepreneurial intention among business undergraduate students. The specific objectives were to establish the effect of education, social network, innovativeness and self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intention. The study was guided by Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behavior that views behavioral intent as an immediate determinant of planned behavior. Explanatory research design was adopted and the study targeted 1,649 undergraduate business students drawn from Moi, Mount Kenya and Catholic universities in Uasin Gishu County. Stratified sampling was used to select a sample size of 321. The results indicated that innovativeness among students was highly and positively correlated to entrepreneurial intention at (r=0.650). Self efficacy was the second characteristic among students to positively associated with entrepreneurial intention (r = 0.618), education had significant and positively correlated with entrepreneurial intention (r=0.564). Finally, social network showed a positive and significant relationship with entrepreneurial intention (r = 0.507). From the findings it showed that all the four variables were positively correlated to entrepreneurial intention at 0.05 level of significance level. The study findings were of have valuable assistance to develop students’ entrepreneurial skills and knowledge which equip graduates with creativity, innovation, risk-taking and ability to interpret successful entrepreneurial effect models and identification of business opportunities for the future.
PROACTIVE PERSONALITY AND ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION: EMPLOYMENT STATUS AND STUDENT LEVEL AS MODERATORS (Published)
The study investigated the predictive relationship between proactive personality and entrepreneurial intention and the extent to which such a relationship was moderated by working status and level of student among 270 undergraduate students from three universities in Ghana. A descriptive correlational research design was used to investigate the problem in the study. Questionnaire was used to extract information from the participants. Confirmatory factor analysis via principal component method was used to determine the acceptability of each item on proactive personality and entrepreneurial intention scales. The result showed that all the items exceeded the acceptable threshold for retaining items for statistical analysis. Pearson correlation and hierarchical multiple regression tests were used to test the hypothesized relationships. Proactive personality was significantly and positively associated with entrepreneurial intention. Employment status and level of student related significantly with proactive personality and entrepreneurial intention. It was observed that employment status significantly moderated the relationship between proactive personality and entrepreneurial intention with the interactive model accounting for 10% of the total variance in entrepreneurial intention. However, student level did not significantly moderate the relationship between proactive personality and entrepreneurial intention with the interactive model accounting for only 0.3% of the total variance in entrepreneurial intention. The findings were consistent with the personality theory of entrepreneurship. The implications and limitations of the study have been discussed