International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Research (IJSAR)

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The Integration of Social Anthropology and Historical Geography in the Study of Rural Agricultural Estates in Northern Israel in the Late Ottoman and Mandate Periods: 1879-1948


Anthropology and history employ two entirely different research methodologies: anthropological research is based on face-to-face interviews and direct observation, while historians eschew all forms of non-documented information, and generally assume that only the written word and maps are reliable. Exploiting the different relative advantages of these two disciplines, together with GIS (Geographic Information Systems), it was possible to locate and situate historical events from different periods in the physical landscape in which they took place. Such a “mixed methodological approach” yielded information that would otherwise not be found. This is illustrated in a study of the development of rural estates in the Galilee, consequent on the promulgation of the Ottoman Land Code in 1858.


Keywords: Mixed methodology; Oral History; Ottoman Land Code; rural estates; effendis; GIS; Jewish Land Purchases.

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