International Journal of Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods (IJQQRM)

EA Journals


Effectiveness of Learning Activity Package (Lap) On Students’ Performance in Biology in Ekiti State Secondary Schools, Nigeria (Published)

The study examined the effectiveness of Learning Activity Package (LAP) on students’ performance in Biology in Ekiti State secondary schools. The study specifically examined the difference between the pre-test, post-test and retention performance of students in Biology exposed to Learning Activity Package (LAP) and the conventional method. This study adopted a quasi-experimental design in which two groups (one experimental group and one control group) were involved. The population of the study comprised of all S.S.S. 1 students offering Biology in public secondary schools in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The sample consisted of intact class size of students offering Biology drawn from 4 public secondary schools in Ekiti State. The sample was selected using multistage sampling procedure. A self-designed instrument tagged Biology Performance Test (BPT) was used for collecting the data for the study. The study was carried out in three phases namely the pre-treatment stage, treatment stage and post-treatment stage. The hypotheses were tested using t-test at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that there was no significant difference in the performance of both groups before treatment but there was significant difference between the post and retention test performance of students in Biology exposed to Learning Activity Package (LAP) and the conventional method. The study concluded that Learning Activity Package (LAP) strategy is effective in improving performance and retention of Ekiti state secondary school students in Biology. It was recommended among others that teachers teaching Biology in Ekiti State secondary schools should be encouraged to adopt Learning Activity Package (LAP) strategy in exposing the students to Biological concepts.

Keywords: Biology, Effectiveness, Performance, Retention, learning activity package (LAP)


The objective of this paper is to measure the effectiveness and efficiency of the human resources training function at one of the telecommunication companies in Jordan “Orange Jordan”. The target population for this study is 140 unit managers and their assistants at Orange Jordan. A total of 105 unit managers participated in the completion of questionnaires. Data analysis was done by factor analysis; explanatory and confirmatory data modeling and Cronbach’s alpha-values and practical significance by means of effect sizes. The findings of the study stipulate that the primary function of training department today is to ensure the implementation of the standards of effectiveness and efficiency to accomplish an organization’s goals and objectives. Using Training as a competitive advantage means analyzing the factors necessary for the organization’s long-term success. Areas such as training design, training processes, training policies, effective trainer, training strategies, training goals and objectives are essential to this concept. In order to formulate appropriate competitive advantage through the effectiveness and efficiency of the training function, it is first recommended to analyze the firm’s strategic needs. The training department should create a complete model of training function and a more coherent attempt must be made to improve the level of internal communication between the unit managers and their employees. This would create an environment within Orange Jordan that can promote mutual respect, trust and concern between management and employees.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Efficiency, Induction, Training, confirmatory factor analysis

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