Comparative Analysis of Social Responses Between Mothers with Preterm and Term Babies in Teaching Hospital, Ile – Ife, Osun State (Published)
Social response is the ability of a person to adjust to a new environment or circumstances with the goal of becoming a better person. Parenthood is often seen as a happy, gratifying, and fulfilling experience. Due to various reasons, babies’ gestational age inclusive, mothers may exhibit diverse social responses. This can affect maternal bonding, immediate child’s care and future development of the child, the family and society at large. This study therefore was conducted to comparatively analyze the social responses of mothers with preterm and term babies. The study adopted a quantitative descriptive non-experimental comparative survey design. A sample size of 98 and 102 mothers with preterm babies in neonatal and term babies in postnatal wards respectively in Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Osun State were selected using a purposive sampling technique. A self-designed questionnaire with Cronbach’s alpha consistency scores ranging from 0.78 – 0.88 was used for data collection. Data were analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21 using both descriptive and inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance. Result showed that both group of mothers had higher positive social responses, mothers of term babies exhibited a slightly higher positive social response (84.3%) compared to mothers of preterm babies (76.5%). There was a significant difference between the social responses of mothers with preterm and term babies. However, the social response mean difference (0.078) was not statistically significant (p= .168). In conclusion, this study shows that women who experience a preterm birth express increased negative social responses compared to mothers with term babies. It was recommended that health care providers especially nurses must be adequately skilled with the ability to detect, and intervene promptly and appropriately in prevention and management of negative social responses in newly delivered mothers.
Citation: Arewa, Florence Olanike and Aluko, Joel O. (2022)Comparative Analysis of Social Responses Between Mothers with Preterm and Term Babies in Teaching Hospital, Ile – Ife, Osun State, International Journal of Nursing, Midwife and Health Related Cases, Vol.8, No.1, pp.24-38
Lived experiences of mothers of with premature babies in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a selected hospital, in United Arab Emirates: A Qualitative Content Analysis (Published)
Background: A mother’s expectation and excitement of having a healthy newborn is cut short when a baby is born premature. She is faced with the fear and anxiety of losing her baby or overwhelming thoughts of her baby suffering inconceivable distress in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Aim: This study explored the lived experience of mothers who had a premature baby admitted to NICU. Methods: A qualitative design with a phenomenological approach was used for the study. It was conducted from October to January 2019 among eleven women whose premature babies were admitted in the NICU at a hospital in Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates. Purposive sampling was used to choose the participants which continued until data saturation was reached. Data was collected using in-depth, semi structured face- to- face recorded interviews and analyzed using Colaizzi’s method. Results: Three themes were generated from the analysis. Mother’s expression of thoughts and emotions while their babies in NICU; Families experienced emotion while their premature babies were in the NICU and Mothers perception of care and support from health care professionals. Conclusion: Mothers and family members were anxious about the survival of their premature babies admitted to NICU. They exhibited emotions such as anxiety, anger and sadness. During the recovering process, mothers relied on family support, faith and hope to help get through the ordeal. Satisfaction of nurses providing competent care and provision of psychological support to the mothers helped them to cope.