International Journal of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Essays (IJNGOE)

EA Journals


National security and role of INGOs / NGOs in Pakistan (Published)

In Pakistan dramatically International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs) & Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have proliferated and are under the scrutiny of Government, civil society and media. Sometimes they play important role to overcome the threats and challenges to governance and National security. Increasing number of INGOs / NGOs in Pakistan is attributed to absence of governance and is considered as a main cause of Government failure and rise of militancy. The spread of INGOs / NGOs and simultaneously militancy / terrorism in Pakistan has been seen by many Pakistanis as a complementary phenomenon. This study examines the adverse role of INGOs / NGOs in Pakistan and the prevalent practices and attitudes towards their accountability and legitimacy. It reflects as to how INGOs / NGOs can become vital social organizations, or conversely, a security risk and support for their missions. It provides an understanding as to what this sector is up to and concurrently suggests measures for its efficacy in Pakistan.

Keywords: Government, INGOs, NGOs, Security, Terrorism

Powers, M. (2018) NGOs as Newsmakers: The Changing Landscape of International News, New York: Columbia University Press (Published)

For decades, it has become a common trend for Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) to raise social justice issues and to present their views and positions for them. Their role as international “newsmakers” (=producer of news) has been in the centre of scholars’, journalists’, governmental officers’ and businesses’ interest and has been an area of great debate

Keywords: Columbia University press, NGOs, New York, changing landscape, international news, newsmakers

The Ngo-Government Relationship: A Case Study of the Aga Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP) and the Government of Gilgit-Baltistan in Deepening Good Governance (Published)

The study focuses on understanding the relationship between the Aga Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP), a Non-Government Organization (NGO) in rural development sector and the government of Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan. The relationship has advanced over the years by maintaining mutual respect without confronting each other by the two institutions. This progress in the relationship has brought a shift AKRSP’s programs, in form of policy advocacy and partnering government in development in the region. Interviews of representatives and members of Community Based Organisations (CBOs), AKRSP officials, and government officials are analysed along with documentary review through data triangulation. This study has made an attempt to understand the relationship between the two entities with a focus on the transformation that AKRSP has experienced from a service delivery organization to a policy advocate and a facilitator in developing linkages between communities and the government with the aim to improve the governance in the region.

Keywords: AKRSP, CBOs, Gilgit-Baltistan, Governance, Government, NGOs

Ngos’ Advertising in South Africa and Implications for Ngos in China (Published)

In this paper, we discuss NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations) and NPOs (Non-Profit Organizations) in general and focus on the advertising strategy NGOs should undertake. More specifically, we compare and contrast the NGO history in South Africa and China, its corresponding past advertising, and implications for advertising strategy for Chinese NGOs going forward.


Keywords: Advertising, China, NGOs, NPOs, South Africa.

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