Assessing the Role of Mass Media in Reducing the Menace of Insecurity in North-East Nigeria (Published)
Terrorism refers an unlawful violence or any other unlawful harmful act committed against civilians by groups or persons for political or other ideological goals, a premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against non-combatant targets by sub national groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience. Since the emergence of Boko Haram terrorist group in the North-East Nigeria in 2002, human lives had been lost to their attacks in thousands. The killings have continued unabated until recently that they are being gradually overcome. Employing agenda setting theory, this study aimed at assessing the roles of mass media in reducing the menace of insecurity in North-East Nigeria. The study found among others that mass media can help to reduce the insecurity menace by articulation and pursuit of the national interests, conveying information to the people and security agencies, speaking out against societal ills and vices, providing informed criticism and viable alternatives to public policies on security matters and monitoring the performance of government security agencies and other concerned agencies. The study made additional recommendations on the roles that mass media can play in tackling insecurity in the region.
Citation : Bappayo A. (2023) Assessing the Role of Mass Media in Reducing the Menace of Insecurity in North-East Nigeria, International Journal of International Relations, Media and Mass Communication Studies, Vol.9, No.2, pp.1-12
Mass media have been an indispensable fulcrum of development, especially in the West from where they were imported to Africa. However, realities in Africa continent have failed and weakened mass media potential as development resource, as vast population of Africans live in the rural areas without access to mass media offerings. Besides, those areas have poverty of electricity, good roads and other facilities, making the mass media dread to tread the terrains. Illiteracy, diseases and poverty define the rural areas of Africa, and a man needs a measure of education to understand the media messages. This has put the government and development agents at sixes and sevens with regard to
Culture is one of the central forces that help to situate a person or thing within a given milieu. Indeed, culture can be seen as personality designator because it identifies a person and situates him/her on the basis of certain traits he/she exhibits. On the other hand, it is also evidence of education, taste, finesse, and of civilization. A cultured person or people belong to a category of those who stand out as unique in virtually everything. ‘Cultureless-ness’, on its part is a term employed to denote the trend whereby a person or people lack culture, making it impossible to identify or situate him/her or them by what he/she does or they do. It is a celebration of abnormality and the opposite of culture as stated above. The media, on their part, are not only culture symbolized, they are also purveyors of culture. This paper examines the role the Nigerian media have played or failed to play in creating and foisting a cultureless society on the Nigerian people. This will be done through the literary/artistic research methodology. It will draw its conclusion on the basis of data analyzed and make recommendations where necessary.