International Journal of Health and Psychology Research (IJHPR)

EA Journals


Educational Technology and Students Academic Performance in Health Training Institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

The main purpose of this study was to investigate relevance of educational technology and student’s academic performance in health training institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose, five hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Literature related to the variables of the study were reviewed accordingly. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Population of study were students of five health institutions across the state, (males and females). The sampling technique used were the random and accidental sampling techniques. A sample of three hundred (300) respondents were selected for the study. Questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. The instrument was subject to face validation by the thesis supervisor, experts in measurement and evaluation in Faculty of Education. The cronbach Alpha reliability method was applied to determine the reliability of instrument. Three hundred (300) copies of questionnaire were administered to the respondents on face to face basis. At the end of the exercise, all copies of the questionnaire were successfully retrieved (100% return). The hypotheses were tested with the statistical package of social sciences (SPSS) version 20 at 0.5level of significance. The results revealed that computer services, e-learning facilities, internet services, significantly influence the academic performance of students in health training institutions. Recommendations and suggestions for further study were made.

Keywords: Cross River State, Educational Technology, Institutions, Nigeria, performance in health training, students’ academic

Assessment of Belief, Family size and utilization of insecticide treated nets among pregnant women in Southern Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria (Published)

The study Assess utilization of insecticide treated net among pregnant women in Southern Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. For the purpose of this study to be achieved, two research questions were posed and converted into two null hypotheses, which were tested at 0.05 level of significance. There was a detailed review of related literature on the variables of the study. Survey research design was employed in the study. Accidental sampling technique was adopted in selecting the health facilities used for the study while the systematic random sampling technique was adopted in selecting the seven hundred and forty-one respondents used for the study. A structured questionnaire was the instrument utilized for data collection. The instrument was subjected to validity by relevant experts. Cronbach alpha method was employed to establish the reliability of the research instrument. To test the various hypotheses that were formulated for the study, Pearson product moment correlation statistics were utilized for analysis of data. The result obtained from data analysis and hypotheses testing in the study revealed that; There was no significant relationship between belief and utilization of insecticide treated nets among pregnant women. The implication of this finding is that pregnant women in the study area believe in the efficacy of insecticide treated nets, which is influencing the utilization positively. Family size significantly influences utilization of insecticide treated nets among pregnant women. The implication of this finding is that pregnant women with large families will continue to experience low utilization of insecticide treated nets except their economic status improve while pregnant women from small family sizes utilize insecticide treated nets... It was further recommended that relevant government agencies should ensure that pregnant women from low income groups be assisted to own insecticide treated net(s) in order to enable them utilize such nets as a means of preventing malaria.

Keywords: Cross River State, Family Size, Nigeria, Pregnant Women, Southern Zone, assessment of belief, insecticide treated nets

Socio-Cultural Variables and Child Abuse in Akwa Ibom State (Published)

This study examined socio-cultural variables and child abuse in Akwa Ibom State.  Four objectives, four research questions and four hypotheses guided this study. A correlation research design was used and the population of this study was 57,004 students in senior secondary II classes in the 253 public secondary schools for the 2020/2021 academic session in the study area and a sample size of 570 students from 11 of the schools selected through simple random sampling technique was used for the study but 526 students returned the questionnaires. A researcher-made questionnaire named Socio-Cultural Variables and Child Abuse Questionnaire with reliability coefficient of 0.74 was the instrument for data collection. The instrument was duly administered on the respondents and the data collected were used in testing the hypotheses formulated. The data were analyzed using Pearson product moment correlation at .05 alpha level. The findings of the study showed that poverty, domestic violence, child rearing practices and family structure significantly related with child. Based on these findings, it was concluded that socio-cultural variables significantly contribute to child abuse in Akwa Ibom State. It was recommended that parents/guardians irrespective of the family structure should strive as much as possible to provide for their children, positively influence them, and raise them properly with love so that they can develop the right attitude to life rather than allowing life situations to make them abuse their children.

Keywords: Akwa Ibom, Child abuse, Nigeria, Socio-cultural factors, State

Women’s Perception of Males’ Involvement in Maternal Healthcare in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

Men play a significant role in the reproductive life of women, from the pre-pregnancy stages of family planning to pregnancy, birth and post-natal periods. This study was a survey of the perceptions of women on males’ involvement in maternal healthcare in Rivers State. This involved some selected health centres in Rivers State, using a pre-tested and validated questionnaire. Aspects of men’s involvement that were taken into consideration included decision-making, economic and geographic accessibility as well as utilization of maternal health-care services. Responses from a total of 300 pregnant and post–natal mothers who were purposively selected from randomly drawn health centres in the three Senatorial Districts in Rivers State were analyzed. The results showed no significant difference in the perceptions of women with primary or post-primary education, unemployed or employed women as well as those residing in rural or urban areas. In addition, there was a unanimous agreement that joint decision-making was better than a decision solely taken by the man or woman alone. They all agreed that financial empowerment and autonomy were crucial for enabling women to access and utilize maternal healthcare facilities. It was concluded that despite the pivotal role of men in family affairs, their involvement in maternal health process was abysmal and this could be due to some extraneous factors. The study therefore recommended that women empowerment, in terms of education and finances would go a long way towards improving maternal health which, over the years, has been on the decline, despite men’s good intentions.

Keywords: Education, Gender, Healthcare, Men, Nigeria, Women


This study examined theadolescents’ knowledge and attitude towards regular healthcare as a way of improving HIV/STDs testing and treatment among secondary school students in Oyo State, Nigeria. This study employed the descriptive research design type. Two hundred and twenty participants selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling technique were used for the study. One main instrument was used in collecting data. Data was analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and T-test. Results showed a significant relationship between students’ knowledge and attitude to regular healthcare on the testing and treatment of HIV/STDs (r = .167, N= 220, P < .05). Also, a significant difference in the knowledge (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 3.065, DF = 218, P < .05) while no significant difference was found in the attitude (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 1.096, df = 218, P < .05) of regular healthcare as a factor in the testing and treatment of HIV/ STDs among private and public secondary schools’ students. A gender difference in attitude(t-cal = 2.310, t-crit = 1.960, P = .05) toward regular healthcare was observed but not in knowledge (t-cal = .528, t-crit = 1.960, P = .05). Also, no significant differences were found in the knowledge (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 0.323, DF = 218, P > .05 level) and attitude (Crit-t = 1.96, Cal.t = 0.259, DF = 218, P > .05) towards HIV/STDs Testing and Treatment of single parenting and intact home (both parents) respondents.On the basis of the findings, it was established that while the majority of secondary students had heard about HIV/STDs, their knowledge was inadequate. Thus, schools have a role to play in facilitating the access of young people to necessary reproductive health services and to link education and services so that students may bridge knowledge and attitudes with action

Keywords: Adolescents, HIV/STD, Knowledge, Nigeria, Oyo State, attitude, regular healthcare, secondary school students

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