In a few months of COVID-19 pandemic, millions of people were hit by the deadly virus which claimed a lot of lives worldwide, including Nigeria. The Federal Government declared total lockdown of outdoor economic activities, institutions, ceremonies, religious activities and gave a stay at home order to prevent the spread of the deadly virus in the country. This declaration made life difficult for the masses. The livelihood of Nigerians appeared to have been adversely affected by the pandemic. This seemed to make it very hard for people to improve their economic powers. The populace faced challenges in coping with the pandemic in the 36 States of the country. Hence, this paper looked at the concept of COVID-19 pandemic; household livelihoods; challenges from the pandemic; impact of COVID-19 on Girls and Women; copping strategies for the effects of the pandemic. The theory underpinning this study is the motivational instinct theory of survival. The researcher employed secondary data from existing literature from dailies, journals, libraries and text books to source information. The study discovered that the livelihood of people was adversely affected by the circumstances of the pandemic as a result of the hardship caused by government’s restrictions. Several households relied heavily on government cash relief and food handouts for survival. It was recommended that there should be more intervention strategies for resilience against such shocks in future. Actions should be taken to limit more risk, struggling of households and their livelihoods in urban and rural areas of the country.
Mental Health and Coping Contingencies among Adults Residing In the United Kingdom during the Covid-19 Lockdowns (Published)
Restrictions on movement and basic human rights inevitably causes a negative impact on the mental health of individuals worldwide. This could become particularly apparent in the UK where the government placed firm restrictions on the movement and freedom of the public in response to COVID-19. This study aimed to determine associations between mental health and strategies adopted by residents to cope with lockdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic. Self-reported data were collected from 647 adults through an online survey. Results revealed that over 20% of participants reported symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Multivariable logistic regression analysis confirmed that participants reporting use of positive coping strategies (spending time meditating and with pet companions) had significantly lower odds of experiencing symptoms of PTSD; whereas those who spent time social distancing by communicating with others online and exercising at home showed increased odds of experiencing PTSD symptoms. This study signifies COVID-19 as a major source of mental distress for adults residing in the UK and advocates various methods of coping during such stress-inducing times.
Citation: Joanne Lusher, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Maher Rashwan Attaallah Mohamed, Roberta Ariel Abeldaro Zuñiga, Maha El Tantawi, Ntombifuthi P Nzimande, Passent Ellakany, Anthonia Omotola Ishabiyi, Giuliana Florenica Abeldaño, Ala’a B Al-Tammemi, Olubukola Popoola, Muhammad Abrar Yousaf (2021) Mental Health and Coping Contingencies among Adults Residing In the United Kingdom during the Covid-19 Lockdowns, International Journal of Health and Psychology Research, Vol.9, No.3, pp.16-26
Psychological Consequences of Early Demise of Spouses and the Effect of the Coping Strategies on the Health of the Survivors in Ogun State, Nigeria. (Published)
This study investigated the effect of coping strategies on psychological consequences of early demise on surviving spouses in Ogun Sate .Two thousand respondents were selected using a purposive sampling technique, while the instrument for data collection was a psychological consequences of early demise on surviving spouses questionnaire (r=0.75). Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis were used to analyze the data at 0.05 level of significance.
The results of regression analysis on joint effects of coping strategies on the psychological consequences was significant (F(6,1993) = 387.10, P<0.05). The relative contributions of the coping variables on the psychological consequences variable are in the following descending order: relocating (=4.22, t=21.68, P<0.05), (=4.12, t=19.18; P<0.05), recreation/exercise (=4.12, t=19.18; P<0.05), engaging in more social activities (=3.98, t=18.27; P<0.05), comfort from admirers (=3.14, t=17.44; P<0.05), comfort from children (=2.01, t=12.84; P<0.05) and burying oneself in work (=1.34, t=4.06; P<0.05).
The study identified the psychological consequences arising from early demise of spouses were instrumental for the throes and sorrow experienced by the surviving spouses. The recommendations included: the survivor should relocate to another place to pick up the pieces of their shattered life and start another life again, more over a new widow or widower should seek helpful counsel from experienced widows and widowers who have successfully adjusted to normal life after the tragic event.