International Journal of Environment and Pollution Research (IJEPR)

EA Journals

Investigating the Relationship between Autonomy and Motivation Considering Gender Differences among Iranian Second Language Learners


The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between autonomy and motivation considering gender differences among Iranian second language learners. To do so, 48 Iranian students studying at EMU were randomly selected and categorized based on their age, gender, and proficiency level. A ready-made questionnaire from Language Teaching Research Journal developed by Spratt et al. (2002) in four sections of a) responsibility of teachers and students from learners’ point of view, b) learner’s ability, c) motivation, and d) activity was distributed among the students from which they had to fill on a Likert Scale. The data then were gathered and fed to the SPSS software and shown in four tables. Chi-square formula was used to measure the correlation between given nominal scales. The finding of the study point towards the fact that motivation as a psychological factor is in fact the initial part of the learning process which consequently leads to learner autonomy and no significant digression was observed when the study focused on gender differences except for the fact that females tend to show a higher degree of autonomy in deciding contents of the syllabus while males were more dependent to the teacher.

Keywords: Autonomy, Chi-Square, Likert scale, Motivation, Proficiency Level

cc logo

This work by European American Journals is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 Unported License


Recent Publications

Email ID:
Impact Factor: 7.01
Print ISSN: 2056-7537
Online ISSN: 2056-7545

Author Guidelines
Submit Papers
Review Status


Scroll to Top

Don't miss any Call For Paper update from EA Journals

Fill up the form below and get notified everytime we call for new submissions for our journals.