International Journal of Education, Learning and Development (IJELD)

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Demographic Variables and Instructional Effectiveness in Senior Secondary Schools in Cross River State


Citation: Bernard Diwa Otu, Caroline Iserom  Ita ,  Alfred Denis Oyama , Henrietta Osayi Uchegbue (2022) Demographic Variables and Instructional Effectiveness in Senior Secondary Schools in Cross River State, International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, Vol. 10, No.3, pp.1-15

The main purpose of this study was to investigate on how Mathematics teachers’ demographic variables could influence their instructional effectiveness in Senior secondary schools in Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, two research hypotheses were generated to direct the study. Literature review was done according to the variables and hypotheses for the study to facilitate the discussion of findings. Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. Purposive sampling technique was used by the researcher, were all the members in the population were selected. The questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. The data were collected personally by the researcher and the assistants. To test the hypotheses formulated to direct the study, the independent and dependent variables were identified. Independent t-test and One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were considered most appropriate to test the hypotheses for the study. The .05 level of significance was used for the statistical testing of each of the hypothesis for the study. The result of the analysis indicated that educational qualification and teaching experience significantly influence instructional effectiveness of Mathematics teachers. Based on the conclusion of the study it was recommended that Government should organize regular seminars and workshops for all the Mathematics teachers in secondary schools, irrespective of their qualification towards effective utilization of instructional materials and methods of teaching.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Instructional, School, Variables, demographic

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