International Journal of Education, Learning and Development (IJELD)

EA Journals


Integrity and Transparency in Managing Examination in Public Universities in Nigeria: The Role of School Administrators (Published)

Exams are essential feature of every educational system because it is the structure for teaching, learning, and the educational system’s overall successes are evaluated based on the examination system’s aims and efficacy. The import of tests in a university system cannot be flashy, as they are used to evaluate student performance and decide if they attain the obligatory scholastic learning and knowledge standards. Exams stimulate kids to compete with one another in order to meet up with the expectations of their blood relations, teachers and the society at large. If examination is not conducted correctly and the outcomes are not shared precisely, the projected feedback may not yield the desired consequences. No matter how ambitious, admirable, laudable, or expansive the educational goals are or how well the school curriculum is designed, if no provision is made for accurate evaluation and reporting of learning achievement, these efforts will be in vain. Considering the dynamics of examination delinquency in Nigeria universities, advance the need to enthrone integrity and transparency in the system. This piece generally scrutinized examination in universities, integrity and transparency in university examination, examination malpractice in Nigeria universities, causes of examination malpractice in Nigeria universities, measures taken to curb examination malpractice in Nigerian universities, roles of administrators in the university settings, administrators and examination in Nigerian universities system. The piece concluded that administrators in Nigeria university system can be regard as prime-mover for sustaining most wanted height of integrity and transparency in the university system of the country. The piece in addition made some hints that formation of examination misconduct team should be echoed prior to the commencement of the examination so that students will know they will be put on trial if caught up in any misconduct before, during or after the conduct of the examination. Also, when administrators are habituated and motivated to unconditionally discharge their roles effectively and efficiently, it will resolve among other things to enhanced level of integrity and transparency in the assessment practices in Nigeria University system. 

Keywords: Examination, Integrity, University, administrator, transparency

Influence of Gender on Career Choice and Academic Performance (Published)

The study aims to examine how gender affect students’ academic achievement and career targets or choices in Nigerian colleges. The sample of this study consisted of 261 final year students in various universities across Nigeria. Data was collected using questionnaires featuring questions on academic accomplishments and other pertinent information. The results of the study indicated that male students had a slightly higher overall CGPA score compare to the female students; and as regards career aspirations, more female students were inclined to study art and management related courses while more males were found in engineering and technology-based courses. The research found that gender difference does not significantly affect students’ academic success in Nigerian colleges. Instead, the research discovered that students’ perceptions of gender had a substantial influence on their career aspirations. The study recommends that promoting freedom in choosing careers is likely to steer students toward other professions that are completely at odds with their gender preferences

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Gender, Students, University, career aspirations

The Efficiency in the Cognitive Representation of Information among the Students’ Enrolled in the Faculty of Education at the University of Hail in the light of some variables (Published)

The present study aimed to identify the extent of efficiency in the cognitive representation of information among the students’ enrolled in the faculty of education at the University of Hail. The study’s sample consists from 320 female and male students. The researcher used the cognitive representation scale which was developed by Rajab (2007). It was found that the level of the cognitive representation efficiency is moderate among those students. The efficiency in adopting the feature comparison model is ranked first. The efficiency in adopting the cognitive network modelis ranked second. The efficiency in adopting the spreading activation model is ranked third. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ cognitive representation efficiency level which can be attributed to gender. The latter difference is for the favor of females. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ efficiency levels which can be attributed to the academic year. The latter difference is for the favor of fourth year students. It was found that there is a statistically significant difference between the students’ efficiency levels which can be attributed to the academic achievement level. The latter difference is for the favor of the students whose academic achievement is excellent.

Keywords: Cognitive, Efficiency, Hail, Information, Representation., Students, University

Marketing Tools for Sports Management and Development in Universities (Published)

The university system is a fertile ground for identification, management, and development of sports talents for sports industry. Every industry including sports industry produces and offers products and services to the society. Sports products and services are produced by sportspersons for sports consumers, and this contributes to the socio-economic, political, infrastructural and cultural development of sports in the university and society at large, if well managed and marketed. Sports in universities can be managed and developed using marketing tools such as sponsorship, advertising, sales promotion, publicity and public relations, packaging, branding, merchandising, labeling, personal selling, direct marketing and warranty. The relevance and applicability of these marketing tools to sports management and development have been highlighted. It was recommended that sports marketing tools should be employed by universities for their sports management and developmental efforts and programmes. Experts in sports marketing and management should be integrated into the running of sports in universities. There should be collaboration between practitioners of sports and marketing professions to see how best sports can be marketed to consumers using different marketing tools. Researches on marketing and promotional tools with the aim of discovering more marketing tools and their applicability to sports should be encouraged.

Keywords: Marketing, Sports Development, Sports Management, University

Assessing University Students’ Skill Acquisition for Employability in Cross River State (Published)

This study assessed the level of university students’ skill acquisition for employability in Cross River State. Two hypotheses were isolated to give direction to the investigation. Research survey design was adopted for the study. The sample size of 300 students were drawn from a population of 2,998 final year students from the two universities using stratified random sampling technique. Data collection was carried out with researchers constructed instrument titled “University Students’ Skill Acquisition for Employability Questionnaire (USSAEQ)”. Population t-test of one sample mean and independent t-test statistical techniques were used to analyzed the data collected through the instrument. Results obtained showed that the level of university students skill acquisition for employability is significantly low. Conventional university students do not differ significantly from those in specialized university in their skill acquisition for employability. It was concluded that university students’ skill acquisition for employment is significantly low. Recommendations were made that university students in Cross River State should be equipped with sufficient employability skills.

Keywords: Skill Acquisition, Students’ Employability, University

Student’s Conceptual Difficulties With respect To the Notion of Random Variable (Published)

In this article, we are interested in an introductory teaching of the probabilistic formalism at university level, in particular around the notion of random variable. Our research hypothesis is that a teaching based on a formal approach, even if it is intended for second year students of the Bachelor of Science degree, can be doomed to a didactic failure. Our study with a small number of students, but over a long duration of observations, has allowed to raise various conceptual difficulties and obstacles around the definition and production of random variable examples. The difficulties that impede the availability of this object are mainly due to conceptual confusions between the concept of random variable and the notions of image universe, random experiment, or law of probabilities. A quantitative analysis of the productions of students showed that the relevance of the formal approach was without effect on the production of example, whereas that of the intuitive approach had an effect on the validity of the production of example of random variable. These results encourage thus the adoption of a dialectical formalism/intuition in the introduction of the probabilistic formalism; such an approach of teaching would seem to be a priori quite in favor of a good apprehension by the students.

Keywords: Conceptual Difficulties, Didactics of Mathematical Sciences, Formal and Intuitive Approaches, Random Variables, University

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