International Journal of Ebola, AIDS, HIV and Infectious Diseases and Immunity (IJEAHII)

EA Journals


The Incidence and Risk Factors Associated with Stroke Among Patients Who Attended the Medical Ward of Mettu Karl Referal Hospital, South West Oromia, Ethiopia: A Prospective Observational Study (Published)

Stroke as a clinical syndrome typified by “rapidly developing clinical signs of focal or global disturbance of cerebral function, lasting more than 24hours or leading to death, with no apparent cause apart that of vascular origin. Stroke is a major cause of death and disability in many countries. If left untreated, stroke is a debilitating disease that can lead to death. To ascertain the incidence and risk factors associated with stroke among patients who attended the medical ward of Mettu Karl Referral Hospital. A prospective observational study design was carried out from March 13 /2021 to May 19/2021.Data was collected through employing well-structured questioner, and then the collected data was cleared, coded and analyzed by Statistical Packages for Social Sciences 25.0 version statistical software. The relationship between risk factors and stroke subtypes were examined by logistic regression and chi -square test. Statistical significant was P value at <0.05. From the 84 patients, nearly above one-half 47(56.0%) of participants were male patients. Nearly one half 39(46.4%) of respondents age were between 45-65 years. From the study subjects, majority 48(57.1%) of respondents were have ischemic type of stroke followed by 29(34.5%) haemorrhagic stroke. In multivariable regression analysis, the age>65 years(χ2=3.58,p=0.001),male(χ2=1.78,p0.09),comorbidities(χ2=2.15,p=0.005),medicationonadherence(χ2=4.67,p=0.001),don’t reduce salt in diet (χ2=,p=0.0 76), eating fatty diet(χ2=1.79,p=0.005), and rural residents(χ2=2.05, p=0.0 06) were significantly associated with stroke risk factors. Among the study participants, less than half of patients were smoke cigarette every, were smoking cigarette after diagnosed, were do regularly exercise regularly, were drink alcohol everywhere drink alcohol currently, were don’t reduce salt in diet, and were eat fatty diet. Health care workers should have to treat stroke risk factors to manage the stroke mortality rate.

Keywords: Ethiopia, Mettu Karl Referral Hospital, Risk Factors, medical ward, stroke

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