Community Management Institutions: A Strategic Approach for Common-Pool Resource Preservation and Tourism Sustainability (Published)
The abundance of common-pool resources on a territory, at zero cost, opens the appetite for egoists to abuse their utilization. Tourism, that is based on the exploitation of local resources, participates in their degradation over time. Hence, the necessity to control the access to these resource, a responsibility allocated usually to local authorities. However, experience has shown that the participation of communities in the management of common-pool resources leads to resource preservation, especially in small communities characterized by a strong social capital. This article aims to suggest community management institutions as an effective strategy to maintain common-pool resources and the well-being of the community, taking into consideration, their ability to create faith in the community what facilitates the internalization of community norms, enhances the self-control and increases the chances for local resources preservation. The effectiveness of common management institutions is illustrated by the case of Faqra in Lebanon.
Regulating access to common resources and organizing their exploitation is, usually, the responsibility of local authorities and the object of local governance. However, in ski resorts, participating the private sector in territorial management could have a better impact on resource preservation due to the seasonality of ski dynamism and its impact on network efficacy. This article aims to study the concept of local network governance and to examine its influence on sustainable development. The effectiveness of this governance is illustrated by the case of Mzaar ski-resort in Lebanon.
Compliance of Basic Standard of Home-Stay in Nepal (Published)
The concept of tourism is explained in Sanskrit literature also which denotes the meaning of tourism as: going out from house for pleasure and knowledge, going out of the country for economic gain and going out to places for religious purposes. Home-stay is the newly emerged concept of tourism which promotes the rural tourism. Home-stay is one source of income for rural people. The main objective of this paper is to analyse the compliance of basic standard of home-stay in Nepal. The study was conducted in Ghale-Gaun of Lamjung district, Amaltari of Nawalparasi district and Pathra of Tanahu district of Nepal. Purposively sampling technique was used to select the households. Total 102 home-stay entities were selected from the three districts. The study found good compliance of basic standards of home-stay in Nepal. Nawalparasi district has adopted all criteria of compliance than other two districts. The study calculated the total value and found the total compliance of standard of home-stay as prescribed by the Nepal government. The data shows that 86%, 100% and 89% home-stay of Lamjung, Nawalparasi and Tanahu districts respectively adopted the standard of home-stay prescribed by the Government of Nepal. There was need of commitment from home-stay operators as well as monitoring from the concerned authority to ensure the quality service of home-stay.
Is Tourism a Gene Sector to Jordan’s Gdp? (Published)
Tourism in Jordan is a service industry with multiple outcomes. However, at present, it has not been fully utilized and developed to generate the expected income for Jordan’s GDP. Researchers have examined Jordan’s tourism and identified its economical outcomes and methods of enhancement. This study is intended to investigate the contribution of tourism on Jordan’s GDP. To approach the aim of the study, data used in the empirical analysis was collected from the Ministry of Tourism for the period 2006 -2014.Statistical techniques used were: means, variances, covariance, and standard deviations. Research results indicated positive and significant contribution of Jordanian Tourism Sectors on GDP.