International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability (IJDES)

EA Journals


Firm Characteristics and Sustainable Development of Zenith Bank Plc in Nigeria (Published)

Firms are increasingly implementing sustainable development strategies in response to increased business rivalry in trade and commercial activities and stakeholder pressure. Firms that have regard for future resource availability are mindful of resource sustainability. Hence, this study investigated the nexus between firm characteristics and sustainable development of Zenith Bank PLC in Nigeria. Secondary time series data for this study were collected from annual financial statement and accounts of Zenith Bank for a period of ten years from 2013 to 2022. The information collected on the study variables; firm size (FMSZ), financial leverage (FLEV), return on total assets (ROTA) and sustainability disclosure (SUSD) were evaluated using the Ordinary Least Square regression method in an ex post facto study design. The result obtained shows that FMSZ and FLEV has positive and significant relationship with sustainable development, while ROTA has positive but not significant relationship with sustainable development. The study concluded that firm characteristics have a significant relationship with sustainable development of Zenith Bank in Nigeria. It was recommended among others that the management of Zenith bank should be aware that factors such as company size, financial leverage and profitability are important determining elements when deciding on her corporate sustainable development policies and strategies.

Keywords: Disclosure, Leverage, Returns, Sustainability, firm size

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