International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability (IJDES)

EA Journals


Effect of Corruption on Employment in Nigeria: An Empirical Investigation. (Published)

To ensure full employment of human resources has been a major problem in Nigeria over the years. This research investigated the influence of corruption on employment level in Nigeria from 1994 to 2019. Corruption is used as explanatory variable; employment rate is used as explained variable and inflation rate is explored as a control variable. The study engaged regression method for the analysis. The outcome from the inquiry revealed that the combine influence of both corruption and inflation rate have a long run equilibrium connection with the level of employment. Corruption has significant inverse influence on the level of employment. Inflation rate taken in isolation has significant negative influence on the level of employment. Employment rate and corruption are negatively correlated and it is a strong correlation. Employment rate and inflation rate are negatively correlated but a weak correlation. Based on the findings, the investigation concludes that corruption has a significant inverse influence on employment rate in Nigeria. The implication is that, increase in corruption will lead to a decline in employment rate. It is thus recommended that Government should establish more institutions to monitor the activities of EFCC and ICPC since in recent times officials in those institutions are found in corrupt practices.

Keywords: Corruption, Inflation Rate, correlation matrix and error correction model., employment rate, regression technique

The Challenge of Democracy and Development in Nigeria’s Niger Delta: The Case Of Delta State, 1999-2014 (Published)

This article examines the challenge of democracy and development in Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta, using the example of Delta State, 1999-2014. Against the backdrop of an expansive literature on the region’s state of decay, poverty, and conspiracy between the Federal Government of Nigeria and MNOCs to deny the Niger Delta of the benefits of its God-given oil resources, with attendant insurgency, this micro study cautions against the pitfalls of sweeping generalization. Adopting the critical, evaluative method of contemporary history, built on secondary sources, this work is significant in drawing attention to the manipulation and diversion of insurgency initially directed against the local elite by an aggrieved community to achieve political relevance and primitive accumulation by the former, who failed to judiciously and transparently utilize the huge sums of money from statutory allocation and donor agencies to transform the state. The paper calls for a review of the conventional wisdom on the subject

Keywords: Contemporary Nigeria, Corruption, Democratic governance, Development, Niger Delta problem, Resource curse


As a follow-up to an earlier paper on the socio-economic environment of Nigeria, in which a large number of challenges are highlighted for this socio-economic environment, this investigation is carried out, to find out the extent to which the issues of governance failure, corruption, violence and a number of other issues, are implicated in these challenges. The investigation reveals that the trio of governance failure, corruption and violence, are greatly implicated in the challenges. A large number of other important issues, such as deficit in values, deficit in education and deficit in appropriate attitudes, are also implicated to a lesser extent, in the challenges. The paper is concluded with a recommendation that all these issues need to be urgently attended to, if Nigeria is to attain sustainable development, within the first quarter of this century.

Keywords: Challenges, Corruption, Governance Failure, Nigeria, Socio-Economic Environment, Violence

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