Construction projects require much effort and capital funding to be successful. Financing is the most crucial piece of the construction projects. Most privately sponsored projects are funded by owner equity. However, this is not the case for non-profit organizations. Many nonprofit owners turn to organizations offering grants for their capital improvement projects as a major source of funding. Much consideration and effort are expended to obtain grants. Many grants carry specific regulations that must be obeyed to qualify and obtain funding. Therefore, finding available funding has become an increasingly difficult endeavor. Limited literature exists to guide non-profit organizations in construction projects. This research is dedicated to investigating the non-profit organizations and their fundings. The research will present a practical investigation based on literature analysis and historical cases for non-profit development projects.
Citation: Atisha Z., Korkmaz K., Ashur S., Jarrah R., Moylan W. (2022) A Practical Investigation of Non-Profit Organizations in the Construction Industry, International Journal of Civil Engineering, Construction and Estate Management, 10 (3), 1-31
Construction management is a very important process in order to achieve the objectives of every project in terms of time, cost, quality, and insured safety. But most recent studies most researchers have been focusing on the management of risks rather than identifying the critical risks involved in construction projects. This paper aims to identify the major risks associated with construction projects that expected to affect project performance during the project life cycle in Ethiopia. Various risk factors in construction projects were identified from the literature. Questionnaire survey and interview method was used to collect data from the respondents. The relative importance index (RII) was used for data analysis to identify the major variables. Based on the analysis of the likelihood of occurrence of the risks, this paper identified the critical risks in construction projects in Ethiopia. The research found that the critical risks were mainly unforeseen site conditions, improper design, incomplete contract documents, inflation, lack of timely decision making, scope change, political instability, payment delay, lack approvals, corruption, and poor contract administration. Finally conclusions made from the finding and recommendations forwarded to minimize risks in construction projects.
The pressure for development, public finance and revenue concomitantly attract challenges impacting and impairing on businesses especially in building and construction sector of the economy. Mitigating these responsibilities by various levels of government is the concern for efficient and inclusive fiscal policies for streams of auspicious and sustainable revenue windows particularly taxation. This study therefore examined implication of tax and taxation on the construction sector in Nigeria with a view for industry operator’s decision making. Using extensive review of related literature as well as eliciting primary data through structured questionnaires administered on purposive but randomly selected 100 respondents, elicited data were analysed using descriptive and inferential tools. The result indicated that Value Added Tax and With Holding Tax are most identified , 85% of respondents are aware of the identified taxes while Multiplicity of taxes, corruption risk and lack of confidence in the tax and poor enforcement of tax laws and policies were ranked major inhibiting factors to tax payment. Yet, tax administration was found to have no insignificant effect on tax payment in Nigeria tax system. The study conclusion avail for long-run taxation behaviour on the building and construction sector of the economy and on investment decision, it recommended that appropriate guidance and understanding of tax system and policies required by operators/investors and tax authorities in order to attract tax compliance in the economy.