International Journal of African Society, Cultures and Traditions (IJASCT)

EA Journals


Influence of Colonial Policies on Isukha Marriage, 1894-1945 (Published)

This paper examines the Isukha marital institution before the establishment of colonial rule and the transformation that occurred when it interacted with colonial economic policies.  Specifically, the paper explores and highlight how colonial rule generally conflicted with and undermined Isukha traditional practices including the institution of marriage. In particular it looks at the various explanations behind British occupation of Isukha land, forceful encouragement of male labour migration, the introduction of taxes and how these affected Isukha marriage system and family relations. It is therefore important to provide a synopsis of the early contact between the Isukha and Europeans as examined in the paper. Methodology for this study involved data collected from secondary and primary data derived from archival and field research. The conclusion drawn from the study is that before colonialism in Isukha there existed stable marriage system. This stability was guaranteed by the kinship system and community interest. All social and economic security system gradually collapsed, with introduction of colonialism exposing men and women to any eventuality. Consequently, colonial rule drove more able men out of their localities, as forced labour and taxation became the words to describe localities of Isukha during this period. With frequent absence of men, who left their villages to seek paid employment in urban areas or settlers farms and the decline of traditional institutions and uncertainty arising from changes in society, more and more women ran away from their marriage to urban centres because they could not cope with the general deprivation in the rural areas.

Keywords: Colonial Rule, Isukha, Marriage

Women Rights: Myth or Reality, With Special Reference to George Eliot’s Adam Bede and Toni Morrison’s Beloved (Published)

This paper focuses on the rights denied to women in the works of George Eliot’s Adam Bede and Toni Morrison’s Beloved. Both the writers belong to different times and social strata. The significant portion of this paper is related with female rights, marriage and oppression of women in the society. The paper also deals with the modifications and the outlook of women characters as they stand against the rules and regulations persisting during those times. Both the writers have used their works as a device to announce their distresses in relation to the women roles and gender clashes in the social community. As educated and well read women, both George Eliot and Toni Morrison have shaped woman characters in order to confirm that women are also gifted with intelligence and wisdom and are capable of being sensible and sound. Eventually, this paper shows that both the writers courageously confront and defy the culture and civilization and stand up for women in relation to marriage, school, profession and dedicate themselves to writing profession from the viewpoint of women with an endeavour to reveal their place in the society by focusing on their shortcomings, judgment and attitude against the ruthless norms and culture of male dominated society.

Keywords: Female, Marriage, Profession, Society, Women

Socio-cultural Attitudes of Igbomina Tribe toward Marriage and Abortion in Osun and Kwara States of Nigeria (Published)

Abortion has been a social menace and its assessment depended on one’s socio-legal views. Past scholars had concluded that abortion is either a felony or homicide; there is no known empirical study on socio-cultural implications of abortion to marriage in Igbomina tribe in Nigeria. Questionnaire was administered to 1036 respondents, 108 in-depth interviews were conducted and 156 Focus Group Discussions were held. Most (99.8%) respondents were not involved in abortion because 81.2% described induced abortion as a taboo. Majority (78.3%) respondents have seen more than forty women who died from miscarriage in traditional shrines and 59.7% passed through one-miscarriage or pregnancy complications but denied access to abortion. Any form of abortion resulted in marriage divorce, banned from eating natural foods, married outside the clan or total debarred from entry the land. The study found that only positive counseling, informational and educative services could bring about attitudinal change.


Keywords: Abortion, Igbomina tribe, Marriage, Socio-cultural, attitude


The best way to identify a phenomenon is a comprehensive study and reviewing it, in various perspectives. Comprehensive study and understanding the philosophy of the marriage is not possible without comparison and contrast. One of the most important aspects of this study is the comparison of the marriage in the Islam and Christian. So, the present study, reviews the philosophy of the marriage in Islam and Christian, and then compares them. The main achievement of this study is that both of these religions believe that the only legitimate way to satisfy the sexual needs, make new generation and gaining love is the marriage. But there is a fundamental differences between these two religions. Monasticism and celibacy in the Christian has a special position. Christian considers the celibacy as the mean for being near to God, but in Islam the celibacy is completely rejected. Not only the marriage does not block the way to being near to the God, but also it can be the mean to reach the God

Keywords: Celibacy, Christian, Islam, Marriage

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