Integration of Hausa Traditional Architecture in the Development of Abuja: A Methodological Approach (Published)
Citation: Tanimu Adamu Jatau Noma, Ali F. Bakr and Zeyad M. El Sayad (2022) Integration of Hausa Traditional Architecture in the Development of Abuja: A Methodological Approach, International Journal of African Society, Cultures and Traditions, Vol.10, No.1, pp.27-38,
Abstract: The development of urban areas is a discourse that has been on-going particularly in Abuja, Nigeria where different modern styles of architecture have emerged in recent years. Yet little is done in the adoption of traditional architecture into the present needs. Therefore, this paper presents the potentials of Hausa traditional architecture, in terms of how architecture still adopts to the various impacts of modernization. A literature-based discourse is pursued in this study. The main keywords are expanded to argue the adaptation of Hausa traditional architectural styles into the present need for development in urban areas. Findings here suggests traditional architecture adapts better to the present developmental needs and the local materials used are less expensive, durable, cost effective. Furthermore, the findings are expected to spur developers as well as the different development control agencies particularly in Abuja to develop models for infrastructural developments. It ends with a discourse that integrates Hausa traditional architecture with urban development.
This paper focuses on vernacular architecture and the various vernacular architecture in existence in Nigeria. Nigeria as a country is heterogeneous in both its socio-cultural structure and ideological perspective because of its ethnic diversity. This study therefore examines the vernacular architecture of Nigeria with focus on the three major ethnic groups which are the Hausa’s in the Northern Nigeria having Hausa Vernacular Architecture, the Yoruba’s in the South-Western Nigeria having Yoruba Vernacular Architecture and the Igbo’s in the South-Eastern Nigeria having Igbo Vernacular Architecture with focus on their culture, region and identity in order to have a proper perspective on the vernacular architecture of Nigeria. The vernacular architecture of the different ethnic groups in Nigeria are reflected through their culture, region and identity. Ethnic groups with similar culture, region and identity share similar architectural characteristics as it relates to their building layout, size of family, space organization, openings and fenestration, decorations used, roofing type adopted as well as the nature of Building materials used. As such, this paper suggest the classification of the vernacular architecture in Nigeria be considered from the cultural, regional and identity aspect due to the environmental, cultural and historical background in which vernacular architecture exist.