This study was undertaken to investigate characterization of municipal solid waste and its potential impacts of ground water of two communities (Choba and Rumuosi) in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. Two commercial borehole close to the dumpsites of each community were analysed for both physico-chemical parameters and heavy metals concentration in water. The result values showed that bottles contributed the highest percentage composition of 29.87% in Rumuosi followed by Cow bones 21.77%, Plastic waste 10.94% while Snail shell and Vegetables had the least percentage composition of 0%. Cow bones, ceramics and bottles had percentage composition of 13.82%, 12.20% and 12.17% in Choba while foil had the least Composition of 0.83%. The results further showed that Choba had the highest total composition of M.S.W generated in (weight kg) 7.007 than that of Rumuosi (3.409kg). The results of physico-chemical parameters showed that Conductivity had the highest mean value of 79.5500(µs), followed by TDS (39.9000mg/L), Temp (27.3500°C), pH (7.15), DO (5.3500), ORP (-11.000mg/L) and Salinity (.0400) all in Choba while in Rumuosi, Conductivity had the highest mean value of 189.1500(µs) followed by TDS (94.1000mg/L), Temp (27.6000°C), pH (7.200), DO (5.6500mg/L), ORP (-10.2750mg/L) and Salinity (.0900‰). The concentrations of heavy metals in Choba borehole water showed that Mercury (Hg) ranges from 0.0017 – 0.0024mg/L, followed by lead (Pb) 0.008 – 0.015mg/L and Copper (Cu) 0.001 – 0.001mg/L while in Rumuosi borehole water, lead (Pb) ranges from 0.012 – 0.009mg/L followed by Mercury (Hg) 0.014 – 0.0016mg/L and Copper (Cu) 0.001 – 0.002mg/L. The data analysis revealed that there was no significant difference in the Composition of waste in the two communities at p < 0.05. The characterization study has revealed the make-up of the waste stream of the two communities hence the responsibility of proper management of solid waste should not be left for the government alone or to some certain group of individuals.
Citation: Woke, G.N. and Anyanwu, B.O (2021) Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste and its Potential Impacts on Ground Water of Two Communities in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria, International Journal of Animal and Livestock Production Research, Vol. 5, No.1, pp.36-46