International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Studies (IJAERDS)

EA Journals


Participatory Demonstration of Mid Land Sorghum Technology through FRG System in Metta District of East Hararghe Zone (Published)

Pre-extension demonstration and evaluation of early maturing sorghum varieties was conducted in 2019-2020 with the objectives of promoting and popularize improved midland sorghum technologies and to create awareness through giving training and enhance stakeholder’s participation. A total of ten (10) trial farmers were selected from two potential sorghum growing kebeles of Metta District. Two FRGs having 30 farmers were established. Two improved sorghum varieties (Dibaba and Adele) and with local check were planted on the plot of 10mx10m per trial farmers. Training on which a total of 67 participants took part were organized at Metta. The midland Sorghum varieties were evaluated based on their early maturity, yield, Disease tolerance, seed color, seed quality, biomass, and stalk length and food test. The ANOVA of yield performance of the improved varieties (Dibaba, Adele and local) showed 37.73, 34.39 and 24.10 qt/ha at Dursitu bilisuma of Metta district respectively. The average yield performance of Dibaba higher than Adele at 5% probability level and at 1% probability level than local check. As a result Dibaba variety preferred well and better to promote it on wider area and number of farmers

Keywords: Adele, Demonstration, Dibaba, Metta, Sorghum

On farm demonstration and Participatory evaluation of improved sorghum {Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench} Varieties at Seyo, Anfilo and Lalo Asabi districts of Western Oromia (Published)

Pre-extension demonstration of sorghum varieties was carried out in Lalo Asabi, Seyo and Anfilo districts of Kellam and West Wollega zones during 2018/19 cropping season with the objective of evaluating best performing and preferred sorghum varieties under farmer’s management condition. Three varieties of sorghum (Chemada, Gemadi and Lalo) were evaluated with full participation of FRG member farmers under their management condition. Different Participatory technology evaluation were employed to enable farmers select variety/varieties which suit their condition. The result obtained indicate that the yield of Lalo variety was significantly higher (P<0.05) compared Chemada and Gemadi varieties with magnitude of 3.54ton ha-1 followed by Gemadi and Chemada with magnitude of 2.995 and 2.688ton ha-1 respectively. Additionally, lodging percentage of Lalo variety was significantly higher with magnitude of 5.74% followed by Gemadi and Chemada with magnitude of 2.29% and 2.06 respectively. At maturity stage the varieties were evaluated jointly by farmers, agricultural experts, development agents and researchers. Seed color, marketability, home consumption, yield, thresh ability, seed size, stock, lodging, disease resistance was selection criteria used by farmers. The direct matrix ranking of variety by farmers gave the superiority of Gemadi variety as their first choice due its seed color, thresh ability, marketability, seed size, home consumption followed by Chemada variety. Based on farmer’s preference, Gemadi and Chemada varieties were selected to be popularized on large scale on farmer’s fields. 

Keywords: Participatory Evaluation, Sorghum, chemada, farmers’ feedback, gemadi.

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