International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Studies (IJAERDS)

EA Journals


Effect of Remittances on the Livelihood of Farm Households in Adamawa State. Nigeria (Published)

This study examined Effects of remittances on the livelihood of farm households in Adamawa State, Nigeria. The results showed majority (29.1%) were within the age range of 51 – 60 years old, 21.8% had a household size of six persons and 44.2% had primary education. Married (65.8%), household heads were males (57%). Internal remittances of bulk receipts were 86.7%, while 55% received between N1, 000 and N10, 000 per annum. Also 70% received remittances through hand carriage. 59.1% receives 4 – 6 times a year. Also, 69.2% received both cash and non-cash. Income, household size and education had a significant (p<0.05) effect.  Age of household head had significantly (p>0.05) effect. The R2 showed that the independent variables explained 51% of variation in migration.  Remittance and social group had significant effects on livelihood (p<0.05). Effect on farm size was positive and significant (p<0.05). R2 showed that independent variables explained 59.8% variation in livelihood.

Citation: Tarfa, J.Z. (2023) Effect of Remittances on the Livelihood of Farm Households in Adamawa State. Nigeria, International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Studies, Vol.10, No.1, pp.1-15

Keywords: Livelihood, Remittances, farm, households

Addressing Community Food Security Through Gardening: A Review (Published)

As many residents struggle with access to fresh produce (fruits and vegetables) and continue to face food insecurity issues, community gardens can be used as a strategy in alleviating these challenges and helping families reduce pandemic-related economic losses by supplementing their diets with nutritious foods. Community gardens are a great way to increase food security, improve public health and reduce crime rates. With a variety of setups, locations, and goals, they can play an important role in making healthy, ethical, and sustainable food available to all people. Having abundant fresh produce readily available in the community reduces grocery bills for families and provides food options when they are low on groceries. Saving money and reducing food insecurity are two benefits. This was crucial during the pandemic when many people experienced financial losses due to unemployment, and it is still crucial given the rising price of food today. This paper, through a rigorous literature review, examines the contributions, and the positive impacts of community and home gardens towards addressing food insecurity and the overall well-being of household members and determines the type of gardening people practice, and common crops grown.

Citation: Buabeng F., and Aduteye E.K. (2022) Addressing Community Food Security Through Gardening: A Review, International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Studies, Vol.9, No.4, pp.1-13

Keywords: Community, Food Security, Livelihood, backyard, garden, home gardens, urban farming

Strategies for Sustainable Rural Livelihood in Etche Local Government Area (Published)

The study examined strategies for empowering rural women for sustainable livelihood in Etche Local Government Area, Rivers State. the objectives include to determine factors constraining women empowerment  and to identify strategies for women empowerment in the study area. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 300 women (respondents). Data were collected using structured questionnaire designed in sections, with each section eliciting responses in respect of the research questions. A test-retest method was used to ascertain the reliability of instrument with r-value of 0.85. data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics. A minimum mean of 2.50 was accepted as the standard. The findings showed that majority (43%) of respondents were between the age range of 40-49 years, majority (40%) had basic education while crop family processing was the primary occupation of majority of the respondents. The study also showed that women empowerment were constrained by gender discrimination; poverty; traditional belief, among others as equal opportunities for access to resources and elimination of discrimination to work and wages were some of the identified strategies for women empowerment. The study recommended that government at all levels should formulate policies that would encourage equal distribution of power right across gender.

Keywords: Empowerment, Livelihood, Rural Women, Sustainability

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