Law and Administration of Justice in Nigeria: The New paradigm for Enhancing National Security (Published)
Citation: Akindejoye, Temidayo and Ayenakin, Olumide Olabanjo (2022) Law and Administration of Justice in Nigeria: The New paradigm for Enhancing National Security, Global Journal of Politics and Law Research, Vol.10, No.1, pp.15-22
Abstract: The paper examines the roles of law and administration of justice in enhancing national security in Nigeria. Insecurity appears to be the greatest challenge threatening the integrity of the country. There is Boko Haram insurgency in the North-East, militancy and kidnapping for ransom are very rampant in virtually all parts of the country and Herdsmen/farmers clashes which originally began in the Middle Belt areas, is now a phenomenon in the whole territorial space, and there is rising incidence of armed robbery. Presently, the whole country is enveloped in an atmosphere of insecurity and this for a serious concern. Specifically, the paper examines the place of law in the scheme of national security and evaluates the existing national law and policy on crimes that continue to threaten the security of the nation of law in promoting national security and the administration of justice in Nigeria.The study recommends that The actors in the administration of justice system, the judges should imbibe, in particular, progressive legal ideology that emphasizes social justice; they should in specific clear cases avoid strict application of unjust legal rules which they consider oppressive or unfair.
Observance of human rights is a cardinal principle for the survival of any democratic society just as ensuring national security is a vital interest for any nation. Nigeria has been under an unbroken democratic governance since 1999 and democracy can hardly exist in its real sense anywhere without the observance of human rights. This topic became of interest in Nigeria because of the problem of insecurity that got to a very high level. The security challenges are obviously enormous and very disturbing. These challenges are in form of terrorism, insurgency, banditry and kidnapping among others. In the midst of these challenges that threaten the very existence of the country, perpetrated mainly by non-state actors, some people feel that human rights should be relegated to the background in order to effectively deal with the security challenges. That is the research problem. It is however pertinent to note that without the observance of human rights, and rule of law generally, it will be difficult to ensure national security. Doctrinal and teleological research methods were used in this work. Doctrinal method through the use of the relevant Nigerian laws. Teleological method was used in terms of the experience of the researcher as a practicing lawyer that has handled some human rights cases in Nigerian courts. The paper found that Nigerian laws made enough provisions for both the respect for human rights and for ensuring national security which only need to be implemented fully and to allow the courts to decide the way forward when there is a conflict between human rights and national security.
An Investigation of the Components of Political Developments on the National Security of the Islamic Republic of Iran from the Perspective of Policy Experts (Published)
National government’s key task and the most important aspect of human civilization that leads to greater prosperity and progress of human civilization in the world is to provide security inside the country and to deal with the potential influx of other governments to a territory and its citizens. The aim of this study was to investigate the components of political development on the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran from the perspective of policy experts. This study used interview to collect information and the population consisted of professors and activists in politics. 15 people were interviewed as the sample. The results indicate that the effects of the components of political development on the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran have been extracted in some spheres including military security, political security, social security, economic security and environmental security. In addition, strategies for the structural development of management, domestic and foreign accountability, planning to live in global networks, global responsibility, readiness for global assessments and liberalization of foreign trade have been provided as efforts to develop political and national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran.