Global Journal of Human Resource Management (GJHRM)

EA Journals

Intellectual Capital

Intellectual Capital Impact on Competitive Advantage Achievement in Jordanian Financial Companies (Published)

This study aims at investigating the impact of intellectual capital on achieving competitive advantage in Jordanian financial companies. The study population consists of all companies operating in financial sector: banks, insurance companies and shareholding companies listed in Amman financial market amounting 100 companies. The researcher used convenient random sample from the said companies amounting 80 companies that is (80%) of the study population. The questionnaire was distributed to HR managers or their representatives in these companies.  80 questionnaires were distributed, 76 questionnaires were collected that is 95%  .All questionnaires were valid for analysis, To achieve study objectives a questionnaire was developed to measure intellectual capital dimensions, which are believed to influence competitive advantage achievement in these companies. The study concluded a set of results; the most important is that there is a positive relationship between intellectual capital dimensions with its five variables and achieving competitive advantage in Jordanian financial companies. This confirms the importance of intellectual capital in achieving competitive advantage in these companies. The results also showed that Jordanian financial companies have interest in intellectual capital, since there was sufficient interest in attracting intellectual capital, focusing on customers and activating intellectual capital. The results also showed that these companies have less interest in making intellectual capital and maintain the same. Finally, the study recommended a set of recommendations, the most important of which is the need for top management in Jordanian financial companies to continue paying attention to all intellectual capital dimensions as important variables that contribute to these companies competitive advantage which enhance their position in the market.

Keywords: Competitive Advantage, Intellectual Capital, Jordanian Financial Companies

The Behavior of the Managers to Human Resources as a Factor in Building a Good Organizational Climate (Published)

The modern working conditions with the application of a number of daily changes that create conditions for growth and development of the organization, imply the need for “healthy” organizational climate that is characterized by motivated employees that consider their jobs as a challenge rather than as a process which tires you and is seen as an obligation. Treating the human resources by managers as intellectual capital, which is the organizational wealth by which the organization develops its competitiveness in the market, is the dominant factor based on which is built the sense of total commitment and belonging of the individual in the organization, which is becoming recognizable in the environment by the attitude of the individual towards its work experience as pleasure and not as an imposed obligation that must be realized. This condition can be achieved if the directors have developed managerial, and leadership skills that are necessary condition for building a working climate in which the employee will be treated as a resource that is in the center of the organization.

Keywords: "healthy" organizational climate, Intellectual Capital, Motivation, Performance, leadership behavior

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