Understanding Rural-Urban Migration from the Perspectives of Migrants in Agbogbloshie, Ghana (Published)
About half of the urban growth in Africa is accounted for by migrants from rural areas yet we fail to understand migration from the perspectives of the migrants. This paper seeks to understand rural urban migration from the perspective of migrants and how this can inform rural development planning. A mixed research design was adopted to explore the decision making process around migration. In-depth interviews were held with migrants in Agbogbloshie and their families in Yendi where they have come from. The paper found that while rural-urban migration will persist for a long time because of the deprivation in rural areas, migrants have plans to return home. Planning would need to shift from the conventional approaches of general rural development towards a good understanding of rural development problems unique to certain areas.
In Indonesia, the role of R & D (Research and Development) at the level of bureaucracy has not been considered of strategic importance. Evidently a lot of policies that are not based on deep research and comprehensive. As a result, many failed policies implemented are likely to cause new problems even more complex. The lack of involvement of R & D in the formulation of Local Regulation resulted in many problems and eventually canceled. Based on the database Research Agency Ministry of the Interior, to date only 157 the Provincial / District / City which has 548 R & D institutions of the Provincial / District / City in Indonesia (or 28.6%). And of that number only 31.8% (50 prov / districts / cities) in the form of Board and 10.2% (16 prov / districts / cities) in the form of Office, and 57.96% (91 prov / district / city) the other is a field (equivalent echelon 3) even in Bandung City is the Sub Sector (equivalent echelon 4). This indicates that the commitment of the Regional Leadership in developing R & D in the region, there still exists the view that R & D was considered not yet able to contribute significantly to the formulation of policy planning and progress of the region. This paper is to review how the institutional form of research and development of Bandung City Government should be formed in order to be actively involved in policy formulation and development planning area in terms of (a) Commitments Regional Head; (b) Institutional: (c) Resources R & D; (d) Cooperation R & D