Perceived Effects of Women-Directed Employment Benefits on Job Performance among Female Bankers in Selected Banks in Calabar Metropolis, Cross River State, Nigeria. (Published)
Men and women vary both physically and physiologically, and so do their needs. As such, in work place for instance, the likelihood is that they will also vary in how they feel rewarded for their work or how they are motivated towards enhancing their job performance. This study investigates the relationship between female-directed employment benefits and the job performance of women in selected banks in Calabar Metropolis of Cross River State, Nigeria. Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory provided the theoretical underpinning for the study, while the research design adopted was the survey method. The purposive sampling technique was used to select 200 female employees of five randomly selected banks, who formed the sample of the study. Data was collected through the administration of a Likert-scale questionnaire while the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to test the two stated hypotheses that guided the study. Results revealed a relationship between female-directed employment benefits such as crèche facilities and paid maternity leave and enhanced job performance among subjects. Thus, the study recommended the adoption and implementation of more female gender-friendly work policies to meet the specific needs of the many women who have joined and are continuing to join the world of paid employment, as well as enhance their job performance.
Trust in the employer is one of the important elements for organizations to develop and maintain. This study aimed to investigate what makes individual employee trust the organizations they work for and tested the relationships of trust, perceived organizational trustworthiness, and justice perception with employeesвЂ™ trust in their employing organization. This study also aimed to examine the moderating effect of trustworthiness in the relationship between justice perception and trust. A total of 163 employees from two of the MalaysiaвЂ™s government department participated in the present study. The trustworthiness facets were measured by using the scale developed by Mayer and David (1999). Perceptions of procedural justice, distributive justice, interpersonal justice and information justice were measured using the scale developed by Colquitt (2001). Trust was assessed using the five-item that developed by Mayer and Gavin (2005). The results showed that all the sub scales of trustworthiness and justice perception were significant predictor of trust. Justice and trustworthiness were also found to interact such that justice forms a stronger predictor of trust in organizations when trustworthiness is highly developed. The implications of these findings for research are discussed.