Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences (GJAHSS)

EA Journals


Crime and Crime Prevention Strategies: A Descriptive Analysis of Trends, Patterns, and Feasibility of Community Policing in (Published)

All countries around the world take various crime prevention initiatives to control crime to safeguard the peaceful living of their citizens and ensure socio-economic development of the countries. This study aims at studying the nature and trend of crime in Bangladesh and examines the history, structure, operational management, functional process, and success of community policing. It also attempts to investigate the feasibility of practicing community policing in the Bangladeshi context. This study employs a descriptive qualitative research design to collect relevant data using secondary sources. The results show that Bangladesh has been practicing both formal and informal crime prevention mechanisms. Formal crime control uses the law and government agencies, such as police, courts, and prisons to deter crime; while informal crime control employs moral and social institutions such as the family, religion, peers, and neighborhood groups to prevent deviant behaviors. The study also finds that the rapid modernization and substantial urbanization subsided the informal social justice system and strengthen the formal legal institutions. Overall, community policing was found to be a feasible strategy to control crime in Bangladesh with some modification and by improving the existing structure.

Citation: Khatun M. (2022) Crime and Crime Prevention Strategies: A Descriptive Analysis of Trends, Patterns, and Feasibility of Community Policing in Bangladesh, Global Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol.10, No.8, pp.47-51

Keywords: Community Policing, Crime, crime prevention strategies

How the availability of private security services assist in crime control in Nairobi County, Kenya (Published)

The study was motivated by the fact that despite the presence of private security companies and the availability of their services in Nairobi city, there was still an upsurge of insecurity. This study was informed by Situational crime prevention and Crime prevention through environmental design theories. Descriptive survey research design was used, and the study utilized stratified random sampling technique to select respondents from the study population which was 500 respondents. Data were obtained using a combination of a questionnaire and interview schedule. Copies of the questionnaire were administered to 151 respondents, who were drawn from the private security companies in the area of study, and the members of staff working in the private institutions and also the area residents. The study was carried out in Karen location which is an upper market estate in Nairobi County. The study identified five categories of crime control services provided by private security companies, with providing alarm response and loss prevention being the major crime control service. The study further found that majority of the residents in the study area goes for the medium level security premium which offers alarm response and security guarding services. Findings revealed that a majority of respondents (52%) perceived the level of effectiveness by private security companies to be fairly moderate, 28% perceived them to be average and 20% of the respondents perceived them to be good. Overall, private security services, were perceived, to be relevant in crime control in Karen location.

Keywords: Crime, Crime Control., Security alarms, Surveillance, access control

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