European Journal of English Language and Literature Studies (EJELLS)

EA Journals


Social Alienation in Ghalib Halsa’s Novel Sultana (Published)

Citation: Roz Sabah Shaaban (2022) Social Alienation in Ghalib Halsa’s Novel Sultana, European Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, Vol.10, No.1, Pp.42-59

Abstract: The present study examines manifestations of social alienation in the novel Sulṭāna (1987). A basic premise of the study is that contemporary mankind exists in a state of cultural alienation shock, due to successive waves of tremendous change in many aspects of life and many components of social and cultural existence. To this must be added the political changes experienced by the Arab world after World War II, causing it be become divided into several small countries, followed by these countries’ struggles for independence and their defeats against Israel in 1948, the war of the Tripartite Aggression against Egypt in 1956 and the defeat of 1967 against Israel. All of these events caused Arabs to shrink into themselves and wallow in feelings of disappointment, defeat and failureGhālib Halsā’s novel Sulṭāna was chosen because of all the novels by this writer, it is the one that is most strongly imbued with the local atmosphere of his homeland, Jordan. In fact, the entire work reflects almost no other environment. In this environment social alienation is ever present. The novel shows how relations based on family solidarity and agricultural and tribal traditions have been transformed into commercial relations, leading to a disintegration of the family. The novel describes Jordan’s countryside, its problems, its dilemmas, its clans and its tribes. It also moves to the city, where it focuses on revealing social flaws and behaviors in times in which authentic values have broken down.

Keywords: Ghalib Halsa, novel, social alienation, sultāna

The Impact of the Industrial Revolution on Families as Presented in Hard Times (Published)

This paper investigates the Industrial Revolution’s impact on families as presented in Hard Times novel. The researcher will discuss the main components and features of the families in Britain at that time, in which Charles Dickens represented them in different types as Gradgrind’s family, Bounderby’s family, Stephan’s family, and Cecelia’s family. These families represent the typical sort of family at that time with its features and their problems they face such as getting a divorce, getting drunk, and family disintegration in general. In addition to the reoccurrence of money motif being a capitalist at the expense of the family bonding as represented between Mr. Gradgrind and his daughter Louisa.

Keywords: Charles Dickens, Literature, hard times novel, industrial revolution, novel

Iranian Lifestyle Reflection in Six adolescent’s Novels (Published)

In most novels for teens in Iran, one or more major or minor characters of the story are adolescents who each have their own speech and behavior. It seems that the authors pay attention to Iranian life style in the novels primarily to draw attention of adolescents to the text and secondary to reflect Iranian life style in their text. In this paper, lifestyle of teenage characters in the text of teenage novels during 2010– 2012 based on the pattern of Iranian lifestyles is analyzed with regard to the four indexes (traditional, leisure, cultural and managerial-care). The findings of the content analysis show that all indexes of Iranian life style are noted in young adult novels, and the most attraction was directed to the traditional index. In addition, the use of indices between girls and boys is different in the novels.


Keywords: Adolescent, Gender, Iran, Lifestyle, children’s literature, novel

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