European Journal of English Language and Literature Studies (EJELLS)

EA Journals


Survey for Workplace English in Indonesia (Published)

The present study uses survey to investigate the use of English in Indonesian workplaces. Thirty-six respondents who are polytechnic alumni who already work and managers in four different companies were asked to complete the questionnaire. The study found that over 80% of the respondents suggested that English was one of the requirements to obtain a job. This can be seen from the time they applied for a job in which English was used either as complete language or language mixed (code mixing) with Indonesian. English also helps respondents to be promoted to higher level. In addition, the survey uncovers the frequency of use of sub skills of English used for listening, speaking, reading and writing in Indonesian workplaces and how the alumni coped with those skills.

Citation: Dedy Setiawan (2022) Survey for Workplace English in Indonesia, European Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, Vol.10, No.5, pp. 36-49


Keywords: English, Indonesia, Survey, workplaces

The Impact of Written Feedback on English Additional Language Students’ Writings” From Students’ Perception (Published)

This case study provides an analysis of EAL students’ written work feedback. Qualitative research methods were used to collect data through document analysis of EAL students’ recount writings and semi-structured interviews. The case study was conducted on both school and university EAL students for three months in Dubai. Two small groups of 175 students each were involved from an international school and a university in Dubai. The case study points out related theories, previous related studies, methodology, challenges, and limitations. As per students’ perspective, effective written feedback should be detailed and constructive, and it should advise students how they can enhance their writing. Then proposed a series of strategies for making the function of feedback positive and beneficial. The case study concludes by offering suggestions for research and practice that actively engage students in the written feedback process and creating a unified framework for teachers to follow.

Citation: Nora Nour Sheikh (2021) The Impact of Written Feedback on English Additional Language Students’ Writings” From Students’ Perception, European Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, Vol.9, No.8, pp.1-22

Keywords: Additional Language, English, corrective written feedback

Use of Collaborative Small Group Strategy on Standard Seven Learners’ Achievement In English Composition Writing In Public Primary Schools In Kisumu County, Kenya, (Published)

Differeciated learning is what the current systems of education require in order to carter for all learners .Collaborative teaching offers value creation as learners work in their small groups. Everyone in the group has a responsibility to perform and the facilitator supervise to ensure all learners are inclusive in the group activities. While small group strategy is used a lot of ideas are shared, thus a big task achieved. Small group is enormously worthwhile, both for facilitator and learners. This methodology is vital in teaching and learning of composition writing skill. Communication and collaboration is instilled in the learners thus enhancement of the writing of English composition.  A ‘cognitive’ approach to small group teaching, building on the theories of Piaget, would propose that learning interactively in small groups is useful to learners since the procedure of debating, decisions, dealing with conflict, and integration different perspectives is a necessary part of how cognitive development takes place. This thought about cognition also underpins the notion of ‘cognitive elaboration (Dansereau, 1988), which points out that cognitive development is based on reformulating or elaborating existing knowledge into new forms – a sort of unlearning and relearning of knowledge.  The  study objective is : To examine the influence of small groups’ technique on learners’ achievement in composition writing skills in public primary schools in Kisumu County. Drawn from Lev Vygotsky (1962; 1978) the vision of pedagogy is based on the idea of learning as an interactive, social process, within which the facilitator directs the transition of the learners into the Zone of proximal development in order to cultivate new knowledge in order to cultivate new knowledge. Pre-test Post-test nonequivalent groups research design was adopted, sample size of 292  was drawn from 6 teacher of English,  6 head teacher and standard seven pupils in public schools. Data were collected via questionnaire, observation schedule and check list. Analysis was done using descriptive statistics. The study found that for small group learning technique: revised strategy is moderately used (m= 3.80 with SD of 2.960) buzz strategy is moderately (m= 3.40 with SD of 2.106) used in teaching composition and three minutes strategy is highly used (M= 4.20 with SD of 2.269) in composition teaching. The computed z values for brainstorming technique elements revealed a z-statistic value higher than the z Critical value and P-value less than 0.05. Thus, the study rejected the entire five Null hypotheses as there was a statistically significant relationship between: individual group technique, whole class technique, small group technique, round robin technique and relay technique; and learners’ achievement in composition writing skills in public primary schools in Kisumu County. The study recommended  that similar studies to be carried out using inferential statistics, especially multiple regression analysis to assess how the individual strategies of brainstorming teaching technique contribute  to  overall  learners  learning achievements. Other researches can use the Humanist child development theory to carter for the concerns of a paradigm shift to the thinking about holistic development of the learners., the policy makers and implementers ministry of Education and Kenya National Examination Council, to address the use of inquiring-based learning in order to provoke critical-thinking in learners as the new (CBC) get rooted to curb the negative attitude of embracing change of teaching for life and not for exams.

Keywords: English, Kenya, Kisumu, Primary schools., Standard, collaborative, composition writing, public, seven learners’ achievement, small group strategy

Problems in Arabic-English translation of articles encountered by Saudi Students (Published)

The present study aimed at investigating the problems of translating articles from Arabic into English encountered by a sample of Saudi students. The study employed one data collection tool which was a translation test. The test was administered to 25 fresh students at the Community College of King Saud University in the first semester of the academic year 2019. The examination of the data showed that 57.2% of the students could not translate articles into English correctly. There were four main findings with regard to the type of error made by the students in the translation of articles into English. These were the overuse of ‘the’, the wrong use of ‘a or an’, the omission of ‘the’ and the omission of ‘a or an’. Based on these types of errors, the researcher offered some logical explanations. As this difficulty proved to be serious, the researcher suggested carrying out some large-scale studies to either confirm the findings of this study or add other insights into the topic of the present study.

Keywords: Arabic, Articles, English, Problems, Saudi students, translation

English for Science and Technology: A Study of Cohesive Devices in Computer Science Texts (Published)

The study examined the grammatical cohesive devices in Computer Science texts through a comprehensive genre analysis. The texts were from eight sub registers of Computer Science. The data was collected through the corpus culled from Computer Science texts. The Systematic Functional Linguistics was used as a model of analysis for the grammatical cohesive devices found in the texts. It was discovered that the texts contained grammatical cohesive in the forms of conjunctions and reference expressions. The study also revealed that absence of ellipsis and substitution in the texts. It was equally discovered that the cohesive devices enabled the Computer Science authors to hang stretches of language together and they signaled relations between sentences. The study further highlighted the functions of the cohesive devices in giving coherence to academic writing. Therefore, the grammatical cohesive devices, is an integral part of any form of writing which connected the ideas logically.


Keywords: Computer Science, English, Science and Technology, cohesive devices, texts

Teaching English as a Foreign Language: The Case of Saudi Arabia (Published)

This paper aims to describe English language teaching as a foreign language in Saudi Arabia. It highlights the nature of the curriculum, teaching procedures and materials. The paper critically reviews the teaching methods, qualifications in addition to concepts related to culture and society.

Keywords: English, Learning, Method, Saudi Arabia, Teaching

Second Language Learning and Teaching: Literature Review (Published)

English nowadays is becoming a second language in many countries over the world. This paper tries to provide a description of the concept English language teaching and learning. The paper reviews different methodologies of teaching English in the education system.   

Keywords: English, Learning, Method, Teaching

East/West Cultural Relations in Ama Ata Aidoo’s Dilemma of a Ghost (Published)

The paper investigates the description of East/West cultural relations in Ama Ata Aidoo’s Dilemma of a Ghost. Close analysis of the text proves that the hegemony of the English language and Western structures still manifest themselves in the twenty first century. Indeed, English is a tool used by Neocolonialism, seemingly to bring speakers of the language from all over the world closer. Reading a text in English inherently involves drawing upon the heritage received from the native speakers of the language. The superiority of English language and literature may, then, be taken for granted and may be part of the subconscious. Hence, the hegemony of the English language further reaffirms the existence of the state of colonialism in spite of the withdrawal of foreign armed forces and foreign government officials from traditional British colonies and protectorates.

Keywords: Aidoo, East, English, Neocolonialism, West

Language Use in Arrow of God: A Socio-Linguistic Dimension (Published)

This paper examines the lexis structure and other linguistic features that coalesce to convey the intended message in Achebe’s Arrow of God. It highlights Achebe’s adaptive use of the English language to capture peculiar cultural ideals in the Igbo traditional society. The study analyses the corpus of the novel. Arrow of God and portrays the vocabulary, syntax and expressions that depict the socio-cultural Igbo norms and setting. The analysis explores how Achebe employs lexical and syntactic formations to realize the central message of conflict in Arrow of God. Linguistics styles such as proverbs, transliteration, focalization, lexical borrowings, sentential code-mixing, imageries are discovered. It is these unique that make the novel a master piece in the Nigeria context.

Keywords: Arrow of God, Code-Mixing, English, Language, Socio Linguistics

An Exploration Of The Entry’s Layout In English Dictionaries (Published)

Background: Lexicography is basically focused on the layout, compilation, utility and assessment of general dictionaries and specialized lexicography emphasizes on the layout, compilation, utility and assessment of the specialized dictionaries. An average user of English language, who can also be a translator, usually relies on a dictionary as a reliable source of knowledge. Objectives: The manuscript focuses on the role a dictionary plays in providing help to its readers. It is possible for a dictionary to do so with the help of its structure. The manuscript also explores the elements of the format of the entries with the help of a survey of English dictionaries by viewing the dictionaries’ introductions and examining the format of the entries. Conclusion: The trend of modern publishers and users are similarly seeking to advance lexicography towards offering more selections of information in the volumes of the dictionaries’ which require less time to read or check.

Keywords: Dictionary, English, Grammar, Lexicography, Spelling, Words

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