European Journal of English Language and Literature Studies (EJELLS)

EA Journals


Critical Discourse Analysis: Narratives of Gender-Based Violence Victims in Bamenda-Cameroon (Published)

Gendered roles ascribed to members of society form the basis for their acceptance or rejection in that society. Whether subtle or overt violence, the effects are far-reaching and traumatizing on the victims, be they women, men, or children.  This is obvious in discourses revealed in narratives of the violated.  The questions asked are; how do the violated express themselves? What are the causes and effects of Gender-Based Violence (GBV) and how can it be curbed in society? Since language is a powerful instrument used in communicating feelings and thoughts especially, the language used in narratives surrounding domestic abuse forms the data for this paper.  Data was collected from 29 participants between the ages of 25 and 50, using ethnographic approaches, particularly semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. The theoretical bases were Fairclough’s Three-Dimensional Model which dwells on Description, Interpretation, and Explanation and Halliday’s Systemic Functional Linguistics with a focus on the ideational and interpersonal metafunctions.  The analysis revealed that illiteracy, ignorance, dependency and poverty as some of the causes of GBV.  Additionally, the analysis revealed that language patterns in transitivity are used by the victims in their struggle to maintain emotional balance and fight the existing cultural and societal stereotypes concerning how gender and sexuality affect their mental health. This paper, therefore, recommends the creation of safe spaces to enable victims of domestic violence to express their trauma and find healing in the process of narration. 

Keywords: CDA, Gender, Inequality, Narratives, SFL, Violence

Negative Depiction of Women in Things Fall Apart (Published)

This study examines Negative Depiction of Women in Achebe’s Things Fall Apart. It  is a literature piece of work that dully portrays Africa., It was first published in 1958, and was directed to the colonialist as a response in the way they used to represent Africa and Africans in literature. The role of women in pre-colonial Africa is portrayed by Achebe in this work . Hence the position of women in native Nigerian societies at this time is viewed to be that of an assistant. The research utilized the tools of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) as a means of analysis in order to reveal the true message of the literary text under study. The study revealed that the patriarchal paradigm that prevailed in the Igbo society then subjected women to a lower position in socio-political and economic hierarchy of Umuofia. Hence, women are depicted negatively

Keywords: CDA, Depiction, Gender, Negative, SFL

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