Factors Militating Against the Production of Local Rice in Ghana: The Mediating Role of Open Innovation (Published)
The study reports the factors militating against the production of local rice in Ghana with a mediating effect of open innovation to boost rice production. This study employs a cross-sectional survey to gather the views of 250 rice farmers. A self-administered survey questionnaire was used to collect the data. The data was analyzed using AMOS 20.0 software package. Findings from the study indicate that land tenure system, inadequate infrastructure and water control system are the factors militating against the production of local rice in Ghana. Moreover, the study found a negative relationship between land tenure system and output of rice. However, the study shows that there is a direct and positive relationship between open innovation and output of rice production in Ghana. The study, therefore, recommends that, infrastructure is provided in the rice producing areas to enhance rice production by investing in the area of road networks, rice-milling equipment such as pre-cleaners, destoners that separate stones and heavy impurities from grains, hullers, polishers, paddy separators, aspirators and graders to ensure post-harvest product quality.
The study investigated the relationship between bank equity capital and profitability by sampling fourteen (14) banks, using the purposive sampling technique, out of the twentyeight (28) universal banks operating in Ghana at the time, with data covering an eleven- year period (2005-2015). The study adopted the panel data methodology to examine the effect of bank capital on profitability. The random-effects Generalised Least Square (GLS) regression was adopted as an estimation technique for the research. The study revealed that equity capital is significantly and positively related to Net Interest Margin (NIM), and Return-on-Equity (ROE). Bank size is significantly and negatively related to ROE, and insignificantly inversely related to NIM. Regulated bank capital is a disincentive to inclusive financial intermediation in Ghana.
An Examination of Customers’ Evaluation of the Justice Theory as a Basis For Understanding the Process of Service Recovery and Satisfaction With Recovery in the Provision of National Health Insurance in Ghana (Published)
This study examined thoroughly customers’ evaluation of the justice theory as a basis for understanding the process of service recovery and satisfaction with recovery in the provision of National Health Insurance in Ghana. Field responses were gathered from the Clients (Subscribers’). In all, 2000 self -administered questionnaires were sent to Subscribers in each of the four Schemes (making a total of 8000). Based on the responses gathered from the field, it was revealed that all the four Schemes studied can be described as being unfair when it comes to their quests of applying the justice theory to responding to service failures. The findings further conclude that majority of the respondents do not agree that the Schemes studied provide satisfaction with recovery and are not satisfied with overall firms (Schemes).
Assessing Financial Motivation and Its Influence on Performance of Teachers in Government Senior High Schools in Ghana (Published)
The study looked at financial motivation and its influence on performance of teachers in Government Senior High Schools in Ghana. The sample of the study consisted of 207 public senior high schools drawn from a population of 535. A total of 621 questionnaires were distributed to teachers working in various public senior high schools out of which 520 representing 83.74% were retrieved. The respondents that constituted the sample were drawn using convenience sampling. The researchers used Chi Square to assess the independence between financial motivation and performance of teachers which was measured using the pass rate of students at the West Africa Examination Council. From the Chi Square test statistic and analyzes of questionnaires retrieved from respondents, it was realized that there is association between financial motivation (Single Spine) and performance of teachers at public senior high schools. The study concluded by advising that for financial motivation to continue to serve as motivators in the long run, it is crucial to manage other variables that are associated with it.
Firm level innovation brings about new ideas, new products development, pioneering of new technologies and processes as well as the promotion of entrepreneurship. It is the major driver of economic growth and competitiveness in the global market economy. This study assessed the status of innovation among small, medium and large firms in Ghana. From the up-dated list of the Association of Ghana Industries (AGI) a sample of 500 manufacturing and service sector firms employing more than 10 people were purposively selected across the country. The primary data were collected through questionnaire, and then analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The individual entrepreneur or owner of the firm was the unit of analysis. The result showed that innovation in Ghana is more prevalent in the small firms compared to medium and large firms. The study noted that most of the employees with university degrees were employed by large multinational firms and medium firms that are part of large groups. It also emerged that more than half (59%) of the processed innovations were developed within the firms themselves and 21% of the innovative firms collaborated with other firms and institutions for their innovative activities. The paper argues that drawing lessons from the experience of the Asian Tigers, firm level innovation could aspire Ghana achieve higher economic growth for favourable competition in the global economy.
Employee Work Engagement and Organizational Commitment: A Comparative Study of Private and Public Sector Organizations in Ghana (Published)
Employee engagement remains a relatively virgin area especially in the Sub-Saharan region. The present study investigated employee work engagement and organizational commitment using a comparative approach of private and public sector employees in Ghana. One hundred and five (105) employees of three public and three private organizations with analogous characteristics in the Accra Metropolis of Ghana were purposively sampled. Four hypotheses were tested. Pearson product-moment correlation and Independent t-test were the statistical tools used in analyzing the data collected. The findings of the study revealed a significant positive relationship between employee engagement and employee commitment. Employees of private organizations have a higher level of employee engagement and organizational commitment than employees in public organizations, and long-tenured and short- tenured employees did not differ in commitment levels. The findings of this study are discussed with reference to the reviewed literature, Job Demand-Resources Model and Social Exchange Theory. The present study points out the need for employees to be provided with resources needed to perform their work roles since it has consequential effects on employee engagement and organizational commitment