Analyses of Entrepreneurship Education on Entrepreneurial Intention among Undergraduates Students in Nigeria (Published)
Entrepreneurship education and intention are major constructs that have enjoyed extensive investigation in literature as underlying factors for the development of potential and practicing entrepreneurs and the growth of the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) sector. This study investigated the analysis of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention among undergraduate students in Nigerian universities. Relevant theoretical framework and models such as Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) by Ajzen (1991) as well as Bandura’s (1986) Self-Efficacy model were employed to underpin the study. A sample of 469 undergraduates was investigated in Nigeria through a cross-sectional survey. A structured questionnaire was distributed online to respondents. Analysis was carried out using simple and multiple regression analysis. The findings from this study and the data analysis outcomes indicated that there is a positive significant relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intention among undergraduate students in Nigeria. This is in support of various positions in literature based on previous studies. However, the multi-dimensional perspective of entrepreneurship education only yielded two variables namely, entrepreneurship skills and knowledge as the determinant of entrepreneurial intention. This development gives credence to assess an optimum model for entrepreneurship education among the various antecedent factors that influence entrepreneurship education in relation to entrepreneurial intention. The study therefore recommends that adequate pedagogical approaches and tools be employed in the universities and other tertiary institutions that will impact emphasis on critical entrepreneurship education factors such as skills and knowledge for the management and policy framework for entrepreneurial activities and performance.
Entrepreneurial training has been emphasized as a tool to promote business startup in order to reduce unemployment. It is acknowledged to be instrumental in promoting a more entrepreneurial climate in a country. Researchers have pointed out that training plays a vital role in supporting emerging small businesses. It prepares people to start their own business, strengthens their entrepreneurial capabilities, changes their mindsets and encourages them to undertake the entrepreneurial endeavour. However, despite the increasing attention on entrepreneurship training, much emphasis have been on traditional training programmes with less focus on non-traditional training programmes with a lack of research on entrepreneurial intentions and entrepreneurship training in varied and multiple contexts. Using a descriptive study, 195 participants of non-traditional entrepreneurship programmes offered by the government in Southern Nigeria were examined and findings reveal that to a large extent non-traditional entrepreneurship programmes does contribute to the nurturing of participants’ entrepreneurial attributes, values, mindset, intention and the starting of their businesses. The findings add new knowledge to the entrepreneurship literature on non-traditional entrepreneurship training programmes. It provides implications that will guide government policy decision in the offering of entrepreneurship programmes in the region under study.