European Journal of Business and Innovation Research (EJBIR)

EA Journals

Banking Industry

Corporate Management and Customer Satisfaction among Banking Industry in Rwanda (Published)

Corporate Management is all about making sure that decision are made effectively. This impetus towards corporate Management has been due to many factors. For instance, it matters for shareholders as it is a shield against abuse of directors while improving access to capital for the company itself and instilling financial stability in the market. The intent of the research was to assess the relationship between corporate Management and customer satisfaction. The research highlights the corporate Management practices in banks and how that affects customer satisfaction with the operations of Banks in Rwanda. There are a total of 12 banks in Rwanda. Out of the 12 banks, the researcher targeted the most commonly used banks in Rwanda. A total of 6 banks including National bank, Equity Bank, Bank of Kigali, I&M Bank, Banque Populaire(Atlas mara), Keanyan Commercial Bank(KCB). One branch of each of the six banks was chosen and included in the targeted branch population. The study specifically targeted branch managers of the different bank branches and customers in the different branches. Systematic sampling was used in identifying customers to include in the sample. The administered a structured questionnaires to 10 customers in each of the banks. The constituting of corporate boards is done through the involvement of all stakeholder or at least the key stakeholders. Moreover, academic standard are applied leading to the constitution of a qualified and gender sensitive board. However, there is a problem when it comes to sitting and waiting arrangements in the banks. The sitting arrangement and waiting arrangement in most banks in Rwanda is not conducive. The banks perform poorly on reliability because majority of the customers feel the banks do not provide their services in a timely manner. The customers have trust in the problem solving practices in banks. However, the customers believe the process takes long and employees in their banks did not prevent long waiting.

Keywords: Banking Industry, Corporate Management, Customer Satisfaction, Rwanda

The Failure of Lehman Brothers and Merril Lynch: A Lesson for the Nigerian Banking Industry (Published)

In recent times, the global instability that experienced in the financial system and banking sub-sector in particular was as a result of institutional failures. Consequently, banking experts in Nigeria said that, the failure of the two banks was an enough signal to the Nigeria banking industry. Therefore, the study examined the collapse of Lehman Brothers and Merril Lynch  as a rethink lesson for the Nigerian Banks. However, the study reveals that the two banks were absolutely limiting to the size and age in determining the future of their banks instead of depending on the efficiency and effective management of risky assets. Also the conventional lending procedures were not instituted rather they depend on subprime mortgage arrangement that did not have collateral securities. The declining home prices had made refinancing more difficult as a result of inadequate innovations in securitization. We therefore, recommend that the regulatory bodies should not be over confident on the conventional tools of banking supervision rather they employ more non-conventional methods of obtaining insider information. The current crops of bankers should closely be monitored to avoid manipulation as could be seen from the consolidation exercise. CBN should have full autonomy to run the finance market efficiently. Finally, government should also allow CBN to have the air of confidence in discharging its responsibilities.

Keywords: Banking Industry, Failure, Lehman Brothers, Lesson, Merril Lynch, Nigerian

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