European Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance Research (EJAAFR)

EA Journals

firm characteristics

Determinants of Capital Structure Decision of Micro, Small and Medium Scale Entreprises (MSMES) in Selected South Western States, Nigeria (Published)

This research investigated the firm characteristics and owner-manager characteristics that affect capital structure decisions of Micro Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (MSMEs) in Nigeria using a sample size of 120, drawn from MSMEs in Ondo and Osun states, combining the simple random sampling technique with the cluster sampling technique. This study employed primary data by administering questionnaires to MSME owners and managers. The descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis was used to analyse data. The results showed that size of firms using capital investments had a significant positive impact on capital structure decisions, while size of firms using number of employees had a positive but insignificant effect on capital structure decisions. In the same vein, firm age showed an insignificant positive effect on capital structure choices of MSMEs in Nigeria. Owner-Manager gender, age and education revealed an insignificant negative effect on capital structure decisions of MSMEs in Nigeria. Consider. This study therefore recommends that MSMEs should from time to time expand the scope of their activities as they grow in order to easily access external finance when the need arises. In the same vein, external finance such as debt can be explored by both the male and female gender when there is a need for it, after carefully considering the risks and benefits.


Keywords: MSMEs., capital structure decisions, capital structure determinants, debt capital, firm characteristics, owner-manager characteristics

Board Diversity as Moderator on Firm Characteristics and Financial Performance of Listed Conglomerate Companies in Nigeria (Published)

Financial performance of companies has attracted a lot of attention globally from financial experts and management of firms as a result of 2008 global financial crisis and the failure of major companies.  Prior studies on the effect of firm characteristics on financial performance have reported mixed and contradictory results suggesting the existence of certain factors that have not been factored in modeling the relationship. It is against this backdrop that this study examined the effects of firm characteristics on financial performance of listed conglomerate firms in Nigeria in the presence of board diversity. The population of the study consists of six (6) listed conglomerate firms in Nigeria as at 31st December 2017. The six (6) firms were selected to form the sample of the study for the period of eleven years (2007-2017). The census sampling technique was adopted for the study. Secondary data was extracted from the annual report and accounts of the sampled companies A multiple regression analysis was used to test the null hypotheses of the study. The Hausman test indicated random effect model as the appropriate model for the study. The results of study show that leverage has negative and significant effect on return on asset, while firm size and operating expense revealed an insignificant positive effect on return on asset. The sales growth shows a negative and insignificant effect on the return on asset. For model two, it also documented that foreign director positively and significantly moderates the relationship between leverage and sales growth to financial performance of the listed conglomerate firms in Nigeria. It is recommended among others that the management of conglomerate firms in Nigeria should make it mandatory to have an average of 32% of their board members as foreign directors. Also reduce their debt structure to avoid high cost of operation

Keywords: Financial Performance, Nigeria, board diversity, conglomerate companies, firm characteristics

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