British Journal of Psychology Research (BJPR)

EA Journals


Effects of Parental Involvement in Education on the Academic Achievement of Students in Ghana (Published)

The study investigated the effect of parental involvement in education on students’ academic achievement in the Sekyere South District of Ghana. The study through purposive sampling technique sampled 363 parents. The study used a questionnaire to collect primary data from the parents. Secondary data on students’ academic achievements over two years (2020/2021 and 2021/2022 academic years) were obtained from the Academic Units of the selected schools. Results show that the majority of parents were not communicating vital information to school authorities or teachers from time to time, did not support student ICT learning in the schools, did not help their students with their home learning and failed to discuss their students’ academic performances with teachers. However, the majority of parents attended school programmes, provided learning materials for their students, requested extra classes for their students, and were involved in the selection of textbooks for their students. This study found a strong significant positive correlation between parental involvement in education and students’ academic achievement. All the components of parental involvement in education impacted students’ academic achievement.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Education, Students, involvement, parental

The Relation Between Self-Esteem and Body Dissatisfaction (Published)

The main goal of this article is to explore the connection that exists between body dissatisfaction and ranges of self-esteem in undergraduate students in the Department of Psychology of University of Tirana. The method applied for the deployment of the present study is a Quantitative with a Cross-sectional Descriptive-Correlational layout and a non-probabilistic sort of comfort or intentional sampling. The sample of the present research is composed of 120 undergraduate students. The instruments that have been used within this study include; the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory. Data were examined through SPSS version 27. Results showed an inversely proportional correlation. Indices show that the higher the level of self-esteem, the lower the degrees of body dissatisfaction. In conclusion, it was observed that students reveal a greater influence of the external and social factors in their overall body dissatisfaction.

Keywords: Body dissatisfaction, Students, body perception, body shape, self-esteem

Relationship between Birth Order, Family Size, Parental Involvement and Secondary School Adolescents’ Academic Underachievement in Rivers State, Nigeria (Published)

This study was aimed at investigating the extent of relationship that exists between birth order, family size, parental involvement and academic underachievement among some secondary school adolescents. The study was carried out in Rivers State secondary schools. Purposive sampling techniques were used to draw a sample of 240 students identified as underachievers. Bakare’s (1977) progressive matrices adopted from Uwazurike (2008) was used to identify students with high mental ability while Basic Education Certificate Examination results of 2016 which is a cumulative record of examination  and continuous assessment scores of the students’ three years in school, was used as a measure of students’ academic ability. Based on the attained mental ability performance and academic achievement of the students, the academic underachievers were identified. The various independent variables of the study were measured with a questionnaire whose reliabilities were statistically determined with Cronbach Alpha and reliability coefficients ranging from 0.51 to 0.74. Mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, and one-way analysis of variance were used for data analysis at 0.05 level of significance. Results showed that; there was a very low relationship between birth order, family size, parental involvement and academic underachievement which showed no statistical significance. Based on the findings, four relevant recommendations were made.

Keywords: Birth Order, Family Size, Parental Involvement, Students, Underachievement


The purpose of this study was to determine the moderating role of age in the association between career readiness and career indecision. A sample of 369 secondary school students was surveyed on career indecision and career readiness. Using multiple regression analysis, the predictor variables were able to account for 25.7 % of variance in career indecision. Career indecision was significantly negatively correlated to career readiness. Increase in career readiness was significantly predictive of decrease in career indecision. The interaction term between career readiness and age significantly predicted career indecision. Because the interaction term was significant this implies that age was a significant moderator in the relationship between career readiness and career indecision. The relationship between career maturity and career indecision was found to be stronger at younger ages

Keywords: Age, Students, career indecision, career readiness

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