Analysis of Claimants Satisfaction with Land Acquisition and Compensation Process in Ona-Ara Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria (Published)
The power of compulsory acquisition and compensation is often contentious and its implementation and execution are often marred by controversies which affects the level of satisfaction of affected landowners in a community. This study was aimed at analysing the satisfaction level of claimants on the process of land acquisition and compensation in Amuloko road project, Ona Ara Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. To achieve this, the study examined the socio-economic characteristics of the claimants, evaluated the processes of land acquisition and compensation processes in use, examined the claimants’ level of satisfaction with compulsory land acquisition and compensation processes and finally analysed the factors influencing claimant satisfaction with compulsory land acquisition and compensation process in the study area. The purposive sampling technique was used in arriving a sample size of 186. Data was collected through structured questionnaires were administered to the respondents. Descriptive statistical tools such as frequency tables, mean score and relative satisfaction index (RSI) were used in analysing data. The study revealed level of involvement in decision making, the time of the process, enumerations of assets, filing of notice of Acquisition, submission of claims, treatment of Petitions, communication channels, government involvement in acquisition and compensation as well as awareness of level of acquisition and compensation as the main process in which claimants are mostly satisfied with. Finally, they highlighted difficulty in identifying claimants, lack of fund, delay in compensation payment, inaccurate enumeration of assets, sentimental value attached to land, government policies, government unwillingness to pay claimants, lack of transparency by the government, corruption activities by the officials, uncooperative attitude of the claimants, low assessment rate for crops and trees, introduction of fictions claimants and claimants’ refusal to accept compensation as the main factors influencing satisfaction with compulsory land acquisition and compensation in the study area. In conclusion, transparency in the administration of compensation by the government cannot be over-emphasized if dissatisfaction among the claimants must be avoided.
Determining the Individual Significant Contribution of Public and Private Sector in Housing Delivery in Nigeria (Published)
One of the greatest challenge confronting both rural and urban residents in Nigeria is the need to provide adequate shelter. This study examined the individual significant contribution of the public and private sector in public-private partnerships (PPP) in housing contracts in Ogun State, Nigeria. A field survey was conducted in government ministries (public sector) and some selected professionals (private sector) within the study area. Information gathered from both primary and secondary data was used to determine the significant contribution of the public and private sector in housing delivery. Questionnaires were distributed through systematic sampling method to 58 respondents in both private and public sector participating in PPP housing production in the study area. Result showed that the significant contribution of the public sector in PPP housing provision in Nigeria is the provision of land while the private sector contributes significantly high percentage of finance, manpower and technical support. The study recommended that for successful implementation of PPP housing projects, all tiers of government must strive to complement the weaknesses of the public sector with the strengths of the private sector. Furthermore, since the private sector provides bulk of the finance for PPP housing projects, government should provide a more conducive economic environment to attract more private sector investors.