British Journal of Education (BJE)

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Community Secondary Schools Heads’ Effectiveness in Strategic Resourcing to Enhancing Equity in Education in Kigoma Region, Tanzania


This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the instructional leadership practice of strategic resourcing exercised by heads of community secondary schools and its contribution towards enhancing equity in education in Kigoma region, Tanzania. The study was informed by the Student-Centred Model of instructional leadership theory. Convergent design under the mixed method approach was used to collect, analyse, and report both qualitative and quantitative data. Purposive sampling and stratified simple random sampling techniques were used to obtain a sample of 312 respondents consisting of 144 Form IV students, 144 teachers, and 24 heads of schools from 24 secondary schools of 4 councils. The study draws from quantitative and qualitative data generated from a questionnaire, interview guide, focus group discussion guide and document analysis guide. Quantitative data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The Pearson correlation coefficient was used to test the hypothesis. Thematic analysis was used for analysing qualitative data. Findings revealed that heads of community secondary schools were effective in strategic resourcing to enhance equity in education. However, equity in education indicated by student attendance, providing academic support, completion of Form IV and performance in Form IV national examinations remained lower than the required standards. The study concluded that without addressing challenges including shortage of teachers, teaching and learning facilities, and overcrowded classrooms, heads of schools’ effectiveness in strategic resourcing is doomed to fail to enhance equity in education to the expected levels. The study recommended that the Government in collaboration with intermediary educational authorities should find a solution to the challenges to allow the heads of schools to enhance equity in education in Kigoma region.

Citation: Elias Petro Ruvahofi, Gadi Koda, Herme Mosha (2022) Community Secondary Schools Heads’ Effectiveness in Strategic Resourcing to Enhancing Equity in Education in Kigoma Region, Tanzania, British Journal of Education, Vol.10, Issue 14, 55-79

Keywords: community secondary schools, equity in education, head of school, leadership practices, resourcing strategically

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