British Journal of Education (BJE)

EA Journals


The Effect of Surveillance and Evaluation Expectation on the Creativity of Primary School Pupils (Published)

Creativity seems to be one of the determinants of perpetuation of species. Humans need to invent creative ways for dealing with the challenges of surviving in a continuously evolving planet. Creativity also has great implications for a nation’s development. Nurturing and enhancing creativity is a major concern for educators. This study focusses on finding the effect of surveillance and Evaluation, two factors identified as killers of creativity; on the creativity of primary school pupils. Piaget’s theory of creativity and Vygotsky’s theory of creativity were used to explain the possible relationships in the study. The research design is the post-test control group quasi experimental design. Thirty-five children from two intact classes were purposively selected for the study. Four research questions were asked and two hypothesis formulated for the study. Data was collected from creative arts classwork of the pupils and analysed using the Independent population t-test. Results revealed a significant effect of both surveillance and evaluation expectation on the creativity of primary school pupils. Recommendations were made.

Keywords: Creativity, Evaluation, Innovation, Self-reliance, Surveillance

Assessment of Instructional Methods Adopted By Teachers of Agricultural Science in Secondary Schools for Enhanced Skill Acquisition for Self-Reliance in Enugu State, Nigeria (Published)

This paper assessed the instructional methods adopted by teachers of agricultural science in secondary schools for enhanced skill acquisition for self-reliance in Enugu State. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. A structured questionnaire made up of 28 items was used to elicit responses from 122 respondents comprising of 90 teachers of agricultural science teaching in schools located in urban and 32 teachers, teaching in schools in rural areas. The instrument was face validated by three experts. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient. A reliability index of 0.91 was obtained. Mean with standard deviation was used to answer the research questions, whilet-test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study showed that teachers used demonstration, action research method, individual teaching method, field experience (farm) teaching, field trip methods of teacher, etc to a great extent, for enhanced skills acquisition for self-reliance in Enugu State. It was found that teachers do not integrate modern technologies in teaching agricultural science in secondary schools in Enugu State of Nigeria. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that; teachers should be retrained in the use of modern technologies in agricultural instructional delivery.

Keywords: Assessment Instructional Methods, Self-reliance, Skills Acquisition

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