International Journal of Health and Psychology Research (IJHPR)

EA Journals

Association between Optimism, Dietary Habits, Lifestyle and General Health Self-Assessment: A Pilot Study


The aim of the study was to develop and standardize a new questionnaire to examine the relationship between optimism, dietary habits, lifestyle and general health self-assessment. A pilot study was conducted in a sample of 114 individuals of general population in Sparti/Greece. The questionnaire combines a general health self-assessment questionnaire (GHSAQ), the GrLOT-R, the weekly dietary habits, a personal/family medical history and a lifestyle questionnaire. The mean score of GrLOT-R and GHSAQ was found equal to 20.209(±3.817) and 27.482(±4.164) respectively. Higher score on GHSAQ was associated with the frequency of consumption of kiwi (p=0.027), orange (p=0.022), green tea (p=0.044) and raw olive oil (p=0.044). Higher score in GrLOT-R was associated with the frequency of consumption of fruits (p=0.028), pepper (p=0.037), red cabbage (p=0.011) and carrot (p=0.023). GHSAQ and GrLOT-R have acceptable internal validity (Cronbach’s α=0.719 and 0.723 respectively) and a very high Test-Retest reliability (Pearson’s r=0.928 and ICC=0.962 for GHSAQ and Pearson’s r=0.950 and ICC=0.983 for GrLOT-R). The new questionnaire is reliable and valid. High vitamins, antioxidants intake and water consumption seem to influence positively optimism and general health self-assessment

Keywords: Dietary Habits, Health Self-Assessment, Lifestyle, Optimism, Pilot Study, Questionnaire Standardization

cc logo

This work by European American Journals is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 Unported License


Recent Publications

Email ID:
Impact Factor: 7.21
Print ISSN: 2055-0057
Online ISSN: 2055-0065

Author Guidelines
Submit Papers
Review Status


Scroll to Top

Don't miss any Call For Paper update from EA Journals

Fill up the form below and get notified everytime we call for new submissions for our journals.