International Journal of English Language Teaching (IJELT)

EA Journals

Product Approach and Process Approach and Their Significance to Teaching Writing in TESOL and How They are Utilized in ELT Classes


The main aim of this article is to focus on the two different kinds of writing approaches in ELT classes and exhibit the differences between the two approaches. The article embarks on identifying both approaches, the product approach and the process approach. The author explains when they became popular besides which approach is currently more fashionable. Besides the author explains what a typical product/process approach writing lesson looks like. It shows a clear diagram of how a process writing isconducted in class with eight different stages. It also explains the four stages of the product approach.  This Article also elaborates on how these two approaches are used in class and what each of these approaches focuses on while working on them. The two methods are different than each other the author shows the pros and cons of both approaches and how they are effective in classrooms. In addition, this article shows how other teachers adapted the approaches to fit their teaching conditions. The article later mentions several cognitives and what real writers do, how the real writers compose in real situations and it also shows at what stage of the writing process can teachers help writers. The article also clearly states the aims of both approaches and provides examples of how each approach is used. The author suggests harnessing the needed approach depending on the student’s level in class.

Keywords: ELT classes, Process Approach, TESOL, product approach, writing process approach

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